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History Timeline Index



299                          Agathocles ...                       (Sicily)                                                    (317-289) King

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

298                          THIRD SAMNITE WAR + (298-290)                Rome vs. Samnites

                                Third Samnite War begins (298-290) -  Rome gains central Italy

                                Agathocles ...                       (Sicily)                                                    (317-289) King

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Chandragupta -                    (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Bindusara +                           (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor               

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

297                          THIRD SAMNITE WAR ... (298-290)               Rome vs. Samnites

                                Agathocles ...                       (Sicily)                                                    (317-289) King

                                Cassander -                           (Macedon)

                                Philip IV +-                            (Macedon)

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Alexander V +                       (Macedon)           

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

296                          THIRD SAMNITE WAR ... (298-290)               Rome vs. Samnites

                                Agathocles ...                       (Sicily)                                                    (317-289) King

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

295                          THIRD SAMNITE WAR ... (298-290)               Rome vs. Samnites

                                Romans defeat Etruscans, Sabines, and Samnites at Sentinum

                                Agathocles ...                       (Sicily)                                                    (317-289) King

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

                                Apollonius of Rhodes                                                         295-

                                Chuang Tzu                                                                          399-295

294                          THIRD SAMNITE WAR ... (298-290)               Rome vs. Samnites                              

                                Agathocles ...                       (Sicily)                                                    (317-289) King

                                Demetrius Poliorcetes +      (Macedon)

                                Alexander V -                        (Macedon)           

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

293                          THIRD SAMNITE WAR ... (298-290)               Rome vs. Samnites

                                Agathocles ...                       (Sicily)                                                    (317-289) King

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

292                          THIRD SAMNITE WAR ... (298-290)               Rome vs. Samnites

                                Agathocles ...                       (Sicily)                                                    (317-289) King

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

                                Menander                                                                              342-292

291                          THIRD SAMNITE WAR ... (298-290)               Rome vs. Samnites

                                Agathocles ...                       (Sicily)                                                    (317-289) King

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

290                          Colossus of Rhodes +                                                                                         7 wonders

                                THIRD SAMNITE WAR - (298-290) Rome vs. Samnites

                                Third Samnite War ends (298-)

                                Agathocles ...                       (Sicily)                                                    (317-289) King

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

289                          Agathocles -                         (Sicily)                                                    (317-289) King

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

                                Mencius                                                                                                371-289

288                          King Demetrius I of Macedon flees Macedon after an attack by Pyrrhus of Epirus

                                Lysimachus and Phyrrhus partition Macedon

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

                                Sri Maha Bodhi Sacred Fig Tree is planted at Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka - oldest planted tree still surviving

287                          Lex Hortensia - Roman plebs achieve equality with the patritians - Conflict of the Orders ends (344-)

                                Lex Aquila - Roman law of Delict is codified - one of the first plebiscites

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

                                Archimedes of Syracuse                                                     287-212

                                Diogenes (Laertius?)                                                           372-287

                                Theophrastus                                                                       370-287

286                          Library at Alexandria founded

                                Lysimachus of Thrace conquers Macedon and declares himself King

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

285                          Demetrius surrenders to Seleucus I Nicator

                                Beginning of the activity of Ctesibus, mathemitician

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

284                          Gallic tribe of Senones lay siege to Roman city of Arretium - defeat army of consul Lucius Denter - who is killed

                                Senones raiders forcibly ejected from the ager Gallicus by the Romans

                                Roman Colony at Sena is founded

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

                                Livius Andronicus                                                               284-204                                                   Greco-Roman Poet

283                          Battle of Lake Vadimo II - Roman army under P. Cornelius Dolabella defeats Etruscans and Gauls n. of Rome

                                Demetrius I Poliorcetes -     (Macedon)

                                Antigonus II Gonatus +      (Macedon)

                                Ptolemy I Soter -                  (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus + (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

282                          Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

281                          Battle of Corupedium - Seleucus kills Lysimachus and becomes master of Asia Minor

                                Ptolemy Ceraunus assassinates Seleucus I when he tries to invade Macedon

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Seleucus I Nicator -             (Seleucid Empire)                                (321-281) King

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

280                          History of Egypt (ca.) (Manetho)

                                PYRRHIC WAR +                                 (280-275)

                                Battle of Heraclea - Pyrrhus wins

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

                                Chrysippus                                                                           280-207

279                          PYRRHIC WAR ...                                (280-275)

                                Galatians devastate Thrace, Macedonia, and north Greece - some then cross into Asia Minor

                                Gauls invade Macedonia - Ptolemy Ceraunus killed

                                Battle of Asculum - Pyrrhus  wins

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

278                          PYRRHIC WAR ...                                (280-275)

                                Gauls break into Asia Minor - Antiochus I Soter defeats them

                                Nicomedes I assumes the title of King of Bythinia

                                Nicomedes I +                       (Bythinia)                                              (278-248)                King

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

277                          PYRRHIC WAR ...                                (280-275)

                                Antigonus II Gonatus defeats Gauls in Macedonia

                                Antigonus II +                      (Macedonia)                                                           Gonatus

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

276                          PYRRHIC WAR ...                                (280-275)

                                Ptolemy II marries his sister Arsinoe

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

                                Eratosthenes                                                                         276-194

275                          Idylls (Theocritus)

                                Translation of the Pentateuch into Greek (the Septuagint)

                                PYRRHIC WAR -                                (280-275)

                                Zenith of Alexandria as center of new "Hellenistic" culture (-215)

                                Battle of Beneventum - Pyrrhus suffers severe losses

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

                                Pyrrho of Elis                                                                        365-275                   First Sceptic Philosopher

274                          Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

273                          Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Bindusara ...                          (Maurya Empire)                                  (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

272                          Antigonus II Gonatus  defeats invasion of Phyrrus of Epirus

                                Pyrrhus of Epirus -               (Macedon)

                                Antigonus II Gonatus +      (Macedon)           

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                   (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Bindusara -                            (Maurya Empire)                                 (298-272) Emperor

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                         (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

271                          Mauryan army is driven out of Kadamba by coalition of Tamil kings under Emperor Cenni Cholan

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

270                          Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

                                Naevius                                                                                 270-201

                                Epicurus                                                                                342-270

269                          Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                   (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Bindusara Amitraghata -     (Maurya)

                                Asoka Vardhana +               (Maurya)

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

268                          Rome in control of all Italy south of the Po valley

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

267                          Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

266                          Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

265                          Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35     

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

264                          FIRST PUNIC WAR +  (264-241)       Rome vs. Carthage

                                First Punic War (-241)

                                129th Olympiad begins (-261)

                                Hiero II attacks Mamertines at Messana Sicily

                                Flaccus, Roman co-consul conquers Etruscan town of Velzna in central Italy

                                Middle Roman Republic +

                                Appius Claudius Caudex +- (Roman Republic)                               Consul

                                Marcus Fulvius Flaccus +-   (Roman Republic)                              Consul

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ...   (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

                                Zeno the Stoic                                                                      336-264                   Philosopher (Citium)

263                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

262                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Eumenes I of Pergamum makes alliance with Ptolemies

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

                                Apollonius of Perga                                                            262-200

261                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Asoka conquers state of Kalinga - remorseful, converts to Buddhism and proclaims ahimsa

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

260                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                First Roman fleet built under Gaius Duilius

                                Romans win battle off Mylae

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

                                Euclid of Alexandria                                                            330-260

259                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

258                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

257                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

256                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Romans win Battle off Ecnomus       

                                Eastern Zhou Dynasty ends with death of King Nan (cf. Bamboo Annals)

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Nan -                                      (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)   

255                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

254                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Rome takes Panormus in Sicily from Carthage

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Plautus                                                                                   254-184

253                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                  (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

252                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                   (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

251                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                    (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Ying Ji -                                  (China)                                                   Qin (Zhao Xiang Wang)

250                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Hebrew scriptures translated into Greek

                                Pali canon codified

                                Asoka convenes Buddhist convocation at Pataliputra

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                   (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Ying Zi Chu +                       (China)                                                   Qin (Zhuang Xiang Wang)

                                Theocritus                                                                             310-250

249                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                    (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

248                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                   (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

247                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Parthian Empire established in Persia

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus ... (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                   (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35

                                Seleucus  II +                        (Seleucid Empire)                                (247-226)

                                Asoka +                                 (Maurya Empire)                                  India

                                Devanampiya Tissa +          (Sri Lanka)

                                Ying Zi Chu -                        (China)                                                   Qin (Zhuang Xiang Wang)

                                Hannibal                                                                                247-183                   Carthaginian General

246                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Ptolemy II Philadelphus - (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                     (283-246) King/Pharaoh                      PC 35                                    

                                Ptolemy III Euergetes I +(PtolemaicEgypt)                                      (246-222)                                                PC 36*

                                Qin Shi Huang +   (Qin State)                                                           (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

245                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

244                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Hanno the Great democilizes the Carthiginian navy

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

243                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

242                          FIRST PUNIC WAR ...  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                Agis III rules Sparta

                                Battle of Lilybaeum - Romans win

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

241                          FIRST PUNIC WAR -  (264-241)      Rome vs. Carthage

                                End of First Punic War - Sicily becomes first Roman province - Sicilia

                                Attalus I +                             (Pergamum)                                          (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

                                Cesilaus of Aeolis                                                                                315-241

240                          MERCENARY WAR + (240-238) Mercenaries/Lybian settlements  vs. Carthage

                                Revolt of Carthaginian mercenaries, crushed by Hamilcar Barca (-238)

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

                                Callimachus of Cyrene                                                        305-240  

239                          MERCENARY WAR ... (240-238) Mercenaries/Lybian settlements  vs. Carthage

                                Antigonus II Gonatus -       (Macedon)                                             (-239)

                                Demetrius II +                       (Macedon)                                            (239-232)

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

                                Ennius                                                                                    239-170

238                          MERCENARY WAR - (240-238) Mercenaries/Lybian settlements  vs. Carthage

                                Rome takes Sardinia and Corsica from Carthage

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

237                          Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

236                          Eratosthanes is appointed librarian at Alexandria by Ptolemy III Eurgetes

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Asoka -                                  (Maurya Empire)

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

235                          Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

234                          Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

                                Cato                                                                                        234-149

233                          Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

232                          Demetrius II -                        (Macedon)                                            (239-)

                                Philip +                                   (Macedon)                                            (-229)

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Asoka Vardhana -                (Maurya)

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

                                Cleanthes                                                                              331-232

231                          Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

230                          Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

                                Aristarchus of Samos                                                          310-230

                                Timon of Phlius                                                                    320-230

229                          Philip -                                    (Macedon)                                            (232-229)

                                Antigonus III Doson +       (Macedon)

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

228                          Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

227                          Organization of first Roman provinces: Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

226                          Ebro River border between Roman and Carthaginian Spain

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Seleucus  II -                         (Seleucid Empire)                               (247-226)

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

225                          Romans stop Boii and Insubres (-222)

                                First Illyrian War (-222)

                                Romans defeat Celts at Telamon in Italy

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

224                          Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

223                          Ch'in annihilates Ch'u - Ch'in dynasty begins (-207)

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Antiochus III +                     (Seleucid Empire)                                 (the Great)

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

222                          Rome conquers Milan

                                Battle of Clastidium - Romans under Claudius Marcellus defeat Insubres under Viridomarus (spolia opima)

                                Marcus Claudius Marcellus + (Roman Republic)                           Consul

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin State)                                             (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

221                          WARRING STATES PERIOD -

                                QIN (CH'IN) +

                                Unification of China under King of Qin Shi Huang Di

                                Antigonus III Doson -        (Macedon)

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Ptolemy III Euergetes I -     (Egypt)                                                   (246-221)      Macedonian                          PC 36*

                                Ptolemy IV Philopater +      (Egypt)                                                   Macedonian                                                  PC 37*

                                Qin Shi Huang ...+                (Qin Empire)                                          (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

220                          SECOND ILLYRIAN WAR +   (220-219)

                                Second Illyrian War (221-219)

                                Shih Huang Ti makes his first tour of the Eastern Chinese provinces

                                140th Olympiad (220-216)

                                Philip V +                               (Macedon)

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin Empire)                                          (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

219                          SECOND ILLYRIAN WAR -   (220-219)

                                Hannibal conquers Greek colony of Saguntum - an ally of Rome - prompting 2nd Punic War

                                Roman Republic at war with the Celts of Cisalpine Gaul

                                Second Illyrian War - Rome vs. Demetrius of Pharos (220-)

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin Empire)                                          (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

218                          Earliest major works preserved from Latin literature

                                SECOND PUNIC WAR +   (218-201)

                                Battle of Ticinus - Hannibal defeats Publius Cornelius Scipio at Ticinus River (11)

                                Battle of the Trebia - Hannibal defeats Sempronius Longus - first major victory over Rome (12/18)

                                --------------------------------------------------------

                                Second Punic War (-201)

                                Hannibal invades Italy

                                Hannibal captures Saguntum

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin Empire)                                          (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

217                          SECOND PUNIC WAR ...   (218-201)

                                Hannibal defeats Romans at Lake Trasimene

                                Battle of Raphia - Ptolemy IV Philopater defeats Seleucid army

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin Empire)                                          (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

216                          SECOND PUNIC WAR ...   (218-201)

                                Battle of Cannae - Hannibal defeats Romans in Apulia, SE Italy  (8/2)

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin Empire)                                          (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

215                          SECOND PUNIC WAR ...   (218-201)

                                Battle of Dertosa - Publius Scipio defeats Carthaginian army under Hasdrubal Barca at Ebro River (spring)

                                Serious native revolts in Egypt begin

                                First Battle of Nola - Marcus Claudius Marcellus defeats Hannibal

                                First Macedonian War with Rome (-205)

                                Rome conquers Syracuse

                                Philip V invades Italy in support of Carthage

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin Empire)                                          (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

                                Carneades                                                                             215-125

214                          Great Wall of China construction begins

                                SECOND PUNIC WAR ...   (218-201)

                                FIRST MACEDONIAN WAR +   (214-205)

                                Siege of Syracuse begins (214-212)

                                First expansion of Chinese Empire

                                Marcelleus begins conquest of Sicily from the Carthaginians (-210)

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin Empire)                                          (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

213                          SECOND PUNIC WAR ...   (218-201)

                                FIRST MACEDONIAN WAR ...  (214-205)

                                Burning of the Books (China)

                                Siege of Syracuse

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin Empire)                                          (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

212                          SECOND PUNIC WAR ...   (218-201)

                                FIRST MACEDONIAN WAR ...  (214-205)

                                Siege of Syracuse

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin Empire)                                          (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

                                Archimedes of Syracuse                                                     287-212

211                          SECOND PUNIC WAR ...   (218-201)

                                FIRST MACEDONIAN WAR ...  (214-205)

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang ...                  (Qin Empire)                                          (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

210                          SECOND PUNIC WAR ...   (218-201)

                                FIRST MACEDONIAN WAR ...  (214-205)

                                Death of First Emperor (China)   Shih Huang Ti

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                             (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Qin Shi Huang -                    (Qin Empire)                                         (246-210)                King/1st Emperor unified

209                          SECOND PUNIC WAR ...   (218-201)

                                FIRST MACEDONIAN WAR ...  (214-205)

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                             (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Ying Hu Hai +                       (China)                                                   Qin (Era Huang Di)

208                          SECOND PUNIC WAR ...   (218-201)

                                FIRST MACEDONIAN WAR ...  (214-205)

207                          SECOND PUNIC WAR ...   (218-201)

                                FIRST MACEDONIAN WAR ...  (214-205)

                                QIN -

                                WESTERN HAN +

                                Battle of the Metauru - Roman victory over Hannibal

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                             (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Ying Hu Hai -                        (China)                                                   Qin (Er Huang Di)

                                Devanampiya Tissa -           (Sri Lanka)

                                Chrysippus                                                                           280-207

206                          SECOND PUNIC WAR ...   (218-201)

                                FIRST MACEDONIAN WAR ...  (214-205)

                                Battle of Ilipa - Publius Cornelius Scipio expels Carthaginians from Spain

                                Destruction of imperial library (China)

                                Former Han dynasty (-9 C.E.)

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                             (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Ying Zi Ying +-                     (China)                                                   Qin (Wang)

205                          SECOND PUNIC WAR ...   (218-201)

                                FIRST MACEDONIAN WAR -  (214-205)

                                Peace of Phoenice - First Macedonian War ends

                                Revolt against Ptolemies in Upper Egypt

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Harwennefer +                      (Upper Egypt)

204                          SECOND PUNIC WAR ...   (218-201)

                                Scipio Africanus arrives in North Africa

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Ptolemy IV Philopater -                                                                                                                                       PC 37*

                                Ptolemy V Epiphanes +                                                                                                                                       PC 38*

                                Livius Andronicus                                                               284-204

203                          Rosetta Stone - records Ptolemy V's accession

                                SECOND PUNIC WAR ...   (218-201)

                                Battle of Bagbrades - Scipio and Massinissa defeat Hasdrubal Gisco and Syphax, Hannibal has to return

                                Battle of Cirta - Scipio Africanus defeats Syphax, King of Mysaesyles tribe, ally to Carthage

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

202                          SECOND PUNIC WAR ...   (218-201)

                                Battle of Zama - P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus victor ("conqueror of Hannibal) (10/19)

                                --------------------------------------------------------

                                Hasdrubal Gisco, Carthaginian leader, commits suicide

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Liu Pang +                             (China)                                                   Han

201                          SECOND PUNIC WAR -   (218-201)

                                Antiochus III takes Palestine (-198)

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Naevius                                                                                 270-201

200                          Terracotta Head (Nok Culture, Nigeria)

                                Second Macedonian War (200-197) - Philip V forced to surrender Greece

                                Attalus I ...                            (Pergamum)                                           (241-197)                Dynast/King

                                Apollonius of Perga                                                            262-200




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