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History Timeline Index



399                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Trial and execution of Socrates

                                Amyrtaeus of Sais -             (Egypt XXVIII)                                     Pausiris 

                                Nepherites I +                       (Egypt XXIX)                      

                                Archelaus -                           (Macedon)

                                Amyntas II +                         (Macedon)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

                                Chuang Tzu                                                                          399-295

                                Socrates                                                                                 469-399

398                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

397                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

396                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                King Agesilaus of Sparta invades Asia Minor

                                Destruction of Veii by Romans

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

                                Mo Tzu (Ti)                                                                           500-396

395                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                CORINTHIAN WAR +   (395-387)                    Sparta vs.  Athens, Corinth, Thebes, Argos

                                Persia finances Greek attacks on Sparta

                                Corinthian War (-387)

                                Coalition of Athens, Thebes, Corinth and Argos against Sparta

                                Lysander killed in batlle

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

394                          Dexileos Stele

                                SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                CORINTHIAN WAR ...   (395-387)                    Sparta vs.  Athens, Corinth, Thebes, Argos

                                Long walls of Athens rebuilt with Persian help

                                Battle of Coronae - Sparta defeats coalition

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

393                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                CORINTHIAN WAR ...   (395-387)                    Sparta vs.  Athens, Corinth, Thebes, Argos

                                Treaty between Salamis and Egypt

                                Nepherites I -                        (Egypt XXIX)

                                Psammuthis +-                      (Egypt XXIX)

                                Achoris +                              (Egypt XXIX)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*   

392                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                CORINTHIAN WAR ...   (395-387)                    Sparta vs.  Athens, Corinth, Thebes, Argos

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

391                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                CORINTHIAN WAR ...   (395-387)                    Sparta vs.  Athens, Corinth, Thebes, Argos

                                Roman subjugation of Etruscans under Marcus Furius Camillus

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

390                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                CORINTHIAN WAR ...   (395-387)                    Sparta vs.  Athens, Corinth, Thebes, Argos

                                Gallic invasion and sack of Rome under Brennus - fail to capture Capitol

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

                                Aeschines                                                                             390-315

389                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                CORINTHIAN WAR ...   (395-387)                    Sparta vs.  Athens, Corinth, Thebes, Argos

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

388                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                CORINTHIAN WAR ...   (395-387)                    Sparta vs.  Athens, Corinth, Thebes, Argos

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

                                Heraclides of Pontus                                                           388-315

                                Aristophanes                                                                        450-388

387                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                CORINTHIAN WAR -   (395-387)                     Sparta vs.  Athens, Corinth, Thebes, Argos

                                Ataxerxes II captures Greek cities in Asia Minor

                                Rome destroyed by the Celts (Gauls)

                                King's Peace Sparta-Persia

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

386                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Peace of  Antalcidas - Spartan ruler negotiates peace pact with Persia - forces other Greek states to its terms

                                Battle of Elleporos River - Dionysus the Elder defeats Italiot Greeks

                                Dyonysus the Elder besieges Rhegium

                                Gauls sack and occupy Rome (except for the Capitol)

                                Romans make truce with Gauls - start down road of empire building - Etruscans, It. Celts, Samnites, Tarentines

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

385                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

384                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

                                Aristotle                                                                                 384-322

                                Demosthenes                                                                        384-322

383                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

382                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Sparta occupies Thebes

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

381                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Nectanebo I +                       (Egypt XXX)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

380                          Republic (Plato)

                                SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Last native Egyptian Dynasty XXX (-343)

                                EGYPT XXX +

                                Achoris -                               (Egypt XXIX)

                                Nepherites II +-                    (Egypt XXIX)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

                                Lysias                                                                                    459-380

379                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)          

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

378                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Second Athenian League formed

                                Epaminondas and Pelopidas free Thebes from Sparta

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

377                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

                                Hippocrates                                                                          460-377

376                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

                                Ji Jiao (An Wang) -              (China)                                                   Warring States

375                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

                                Ji Xi (Lie Wang) +                (China)                                                   Warring States

                                Aristoxenus                                                                          375-

                                Gorgias                                                                                  480-375

374                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

373                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

372                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

                                Diogenes (Laertius?)                                                           372-287  

371                          Legal and historical books of the Old Testament reach approximately their present form (372-362)

                                SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Battle of Leuctra - Sparta decisively defeated by Thebes

                                Athenian League and Sparta make peace

                                Theban hegemony in Greece (-362)

                                Spartan control of the Peloponnese ends (-362)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

                                Plato teaching in Athens

                                Mencius                                                                                                371-289

370                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Thebes forms Arcadian League against Sparta (370-362)

                                Amyntas II -                          (Macedon)

                                Alexander II +                       (Macedon)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

                                Theophrastus                                                                       370-287

369                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

                                Ji Xi (Lie Wang) -                 (China)                                                   Warring States

368                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Alexander II -                        (Macedon)

                                Perdiccas III +                       (Macedon)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

                                Ji Jiong (Xian Wang) +       (China)                                                   Warring States

367                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Lex Licinia-Sextia - one of the two consuls should alaways be a plebeian

                                Dionysius I -                         (Syracuse)

                                Dyonysius II +                     (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

366                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                First plebeian council elected in Rome

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

365                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Teos +                                    (Egypt XXX)                                         3 year coregency with Nectanebo I

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

                                Pyrrho of Elis                                                                        365-275

364                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

363                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

362                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Battle of Mantinea - Thebans win but Epaminondas is killed

                                Nectanebo I -                        (Egypt XXX)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

361                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Teos -                                     (Egypt XXX)                                         3 year coregency with Nectanebo I

                                Nectanebo II +                      (Egypt XXX)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

360                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Perdiccas III -                        (Macedon)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

                                Democritus                                                                            460-360  

                                Yang Chu                                                                              440-360

359                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Phillip II becomes king of Macedonians

                                Phillip II +                              (Macedon)

                                Artaxerxes II ...                      (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

358                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes II -                       (Persia)                                                   (404-358) King (Achaemenid)            PC 27*

                                Artaxerxes III +                     (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*   

357                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

356                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Second Athenian Confederacy breaks away

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

                                Alexander the Great                                                             356-323

                                Aristippus of Cyrene                                                           435-356

355                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Third Sacred War - Phocians seize Delphi and use oracle funds to raise army

                                Macedonia fights against Athens

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

                                Eudoxus                                                                                 408-355

                                Xenophon                                                                             434-355

354                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

353                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

352                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

                                Apelles                                                                                  352-308

351                          Philippics (Demosthenes)  (351-340)

                                SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Persian invasion of Egypt fails

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

350                          Hermes with Infant Dionysos (Praxiteles)

                                Politics (Aristotle)

                                SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Jewish revolt against the Persians fails

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

349                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

348                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Chalcidian League falls to Philip II

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

347                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

                                Archytas of Tarentum                                                         428-347

                                Plato                                                                                       427-347

346                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Peace of Philocrates -  Philocrates negotiates peace between Macedonia and Athens

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

345                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

344                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Dion -                                     (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

343                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)             Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                FIRST SAMNITE WAR +   (343-341)                               Rome vs. Samnium

                                First Samnite War begins (343-341)

                                Ataxerxes III conquers Egypt

                                Persia rules Egypt as XXXIst Dynasty (-332)

                                Second Persian Domination of Egypt

                                Nectanebo II -                       (Egypt XXX)

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

342                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                FIRST SAMNITE WAR ...   (343-341)                              Rome vs. Samnium

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

                                Epicurus                                                                                 342-270

                                Menander                                                                              342-292

341                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR ...   (410-340)            Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                FIRST SAMNITE WAR -   (343-341)                                Rome vs. Samnium

                                First Samnite War ends (343-341)

                                Persia reconquers Egypt

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

340                          SECOND SICILIAN WAR -   (410-340)             Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

339                          Fourth Sacred War - Philip of Macedonia conquers Greece (340-338)

                                Artaxerxes III ...                    (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

338                          Battle of Chaeronea - Phillip II defeats Athens and Thebes - subjugates Greece

                                League of Corinth formed

                                Defeat of Latin allies - dissolution of Latin League - Rome in control of Latium

                                Roman domains extended into Campania

                                Artaxerxes III -                      (Persia)                                                   (358-338) King (Achaemenid)            PC 28*

                                Arses +                                  (Persia)                                                   (338-336) King (Achaemenid)            PC 29*

                                Khababash +                        (Egypt)                                                       Last native ruler?

                                Isocrates                                                                                436-338

337                          Arses ...                                 (Persia)                                                      (338-336) King (Achaemenid)            PC 29*

336                          Phillip II assassinated - Alexander the Great succeeds

                                Alexander crushes revolt by Athens, Thebes and other Greek cities

                                Philip II -                                (Macedon)

                                Alexander III +                      (Macedon)                                               The Great                                               PC 31

                                Arses -                                   (Persia)                                                   (338-336) King (Achaemenid)            PC 29*

                                Darius III +                            (Persia)                                                   (336-330 King (Achaemenid)              PC 30*

                                Zeno the Stoic                                                                      336-264                   Philosopher (Citium)

335                          Alexander defeats Triballi and Getae

                                Darius III ...                           (Persia)                                                   (336-330 King (Achaemenid)              PC 30*

334                          CAMPAIGN OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT +   (334-323)

                                Alexander invades Persian Empire - lands at Troy

                                Alexander defeats Persians at Granicus River

                                Antipater regent of Macedonia in Alexexander's absence

                                Darius III ...                           (Persia)                                                   (336-330 King (Achaemenid)              PC 30*

333                          CAMPAIGN OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT ...   (334-323)

                                Battle of Issus - Alexander defeats Darius III and captures Persian queen and children (11)

                                Alexander refuses Darius III's ransom and part of his empire

                                Khababash -                         (Egypt)                                                   Last native ruler?

                                Darius III ...                           (Persia)                                                   (336-330 King (Achaemenid)              PC 30*

332                          CAMPAIGN OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT ...   (334-323)

                                Capture of Tyre - end of Phoenician empire

                                Alexander conquers Egypt - Alexandria founded

                                Egypt XXX -

                                Darius III ...                           (Persia)                                                   (336-330 King (Achaemenid)              PC 30*

331                          CAMPAIGN OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT ...   (334-323)

                                Foundation of "Alexandria by Egypt"

                                Darius III defeated at Gaugamela

                                Renewal of Persian campaign

                                Alexander enters Babylon

                                Alexander confronts Darius again near Arbela

                                Alexander destroys Persepolis

                                Alexander captures Susa

                                End of Persian Empire

                                Darius III ...                           (Persia)                                                   (336-330 King (Achaemenid)              PC 30*

                                Cleanthes                                                                              331-232

330                          CAMPAIGN OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT ...   (334-323)

                                Capture of Ecbatana - death of Darius III

                                Darius III -                             (Persia)                                                   (336-330 King (Achaemenid)              PC 30*

                                Harmonic Elements                                              Aristoxenus

                                Euclid of Alexandria                                                            330-260

                                Praxiteles                                                                               400-330

329                          CAMPAIGN OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT ...   (334-323)

                                Alexander conquers Bactria

328                          CAMPAIGN OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT ...   (334-323)

                                Alexander conquers Sogdiana; Afghanistan

327                          CAMPAIGN OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT ...   (334-323)

                                SECOND SAMNITE WAR +   (327-304)                          Rome vs. Samnium

                                Alexander invades Pakistan

                                Alexander marries Bactrian Princess Roxane

                                Alexander crosses Khyber Pass into India

                                Alexander defeats king Porus

326                          CAMPAIGN OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT ...   (334-323)

                                SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                Battle of the Hydaspes - Alexander defeats King Porus of the Punjab, soldiers refuse to go further (early Spring)

                                --------------------------------------------------------

                                Alexander conquers Indus Valley

                                Second Samnite War begins  (-304)

325                          CAMPAIGN OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT ...   (334-323)

                                SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                Alexander returns across south Persia

324                          CAMPAIGN OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT ...   (334-323)

                                SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                Alexander returns to Babylon and is deified

323                          CAMPAIGN OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT -   (334-323)

                                SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                LAMIAN WAR +                (323-322)                Athens/Allies vs. Antipater and Macedonian Rule

                                Alexander the Great dies in Babylon (6/10-11)

                                Alexander IV born to Roxana (8)

                                --------------------------------------------------------

                                Alexander's generals divide empire - Antigonid Macedon, Ptolemaic Egypt, and the Seleucid empire

                                Lamian War in Greece - revolt suppressed by Antipater

                                Partition of Babylon - divided Alexander's Empire among his Generals/Advisors

                                Ptolemy satrap (governor) in Egypt                                                                                                 

                                Alexander III -                      (Macedon)                                            The Great                                               PC 31

                                Phillip III Aridaeus +           (Macedon)                                            (323-317) King (h.b Alex III)               PC 32

                                Alexander IV +                      (Macedon)                                            (s. Alex III) (s. Alex III)                        PC 33

                                Perdiccas +                            (Macedon)                                            (323-320) regent of whole Empire

                                Ptolemy I Soter +                  (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) satrap

                                Euclid                                                                               ca. 323-270

                                Alexander the Great                                                             356-323

                                Diogenes                                                                               412-323

322                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                LAMIAN WAR - (323-322)                Athens/Allies vs. Antipater and Macedonian Rule

                                FIRST WAR OF THE DIADOCHI +   (322-320)

                                Battle of Crannon - Antipater/Craterus defeat Athenian coalition - end of  Greek resistance to Macedon  (9/5)

                                --------------------------------------------------------

                                Mauryan dynasty (-185)

                                Fabius Maximus +-              (Roman Republic)                                (322)1 1st Consul

                                Lucius Fulvus +-                  (Roman Republic)                                (322)  2nd Consul

                                Phillip III Aridaeus ...           (Macedon)                                            (323-317) King (h.b Alex III)               PC 32

                                Perdiccas ...                           (Macedon)                                            (323-320) regent of whole Empire

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                (323-283) satrap

                                Chandragupta +                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Aristotle                                                                                 384-322

                                Demosthenes                                                                        384-322

321                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                FIRST WAR OF THE DIADOCHI ...   (322-320)

                                Battle of Caudine Forks - Samnites defeat Romans

                                Perdiccas invades Egypt against Ptolemy I - loses badly

                                Partition of Triparadis - 2nd partition of Alexanders Empire - new regent named - Perdiccas

                                Maurya  dynasty founded by Chandragupta in N. India (-184B)

                                Phillip III Aridaeus ...           (Macedon)                                            (323-317) King (h.b Alex III)               PC 32     

                                Perdiccas ...                           (Macedon)                                            (323-320) regent of whole Empire

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) satrap

                                Seleucus I Nicator +            (Babylonian Satrapy)                          (321-281) satrap

                                Eumenes +                             (Bactria)                                                 (-316)

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Ji Jiong (Xian Wang) -        (China)                                                   Warring States

                                Perdiccas                                                                                     -321                   General (Alexander's Empire)

320                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                FIRST WAR OF THE DIADOCHI -   (322-320)

                                Perdiccas assassinated in Egypt by his own soldiers(6)

                                --------------------------------------------------------

                                Antipater becomes regent for Alexander's whole Empire

                                Ptolemy captures Jerusalem

                                Libya becomes an Egyptian province

                                Phillip III Aridaeus ...           (Macedon)                                            (323-317) King (h.b Alex III)               PC 32

                                Perdiccas -                             (Macedon)                                            (323-320) regent of whole Empire

                                Antipater  +                           (Macedon)                                            (320-319) regent of whole Empire

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) satrap

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Babylonian Satrapy)                          (321-281) satrap

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Ji Ding (Shen Jing Wang) +(China)                                                  Warring States

                                Timon of Phlius                                                                    320-230

319                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                SECOND WAR OF THE DIADOCHI +   (319-315)

                                Phillip III Aridaeus ...           (Macedon)                                            (323-317) King (h.b Alex III)               PC 32

                                Antipater  -                            (Macedon)                                            (320-319) regent of whole Empire

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) satrap

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Babylonian Satrapy)                          (321-281) satrap

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

318                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                SECOND WAR OF THE DIADOCHI ...   (319-315)

                                Phillip III Aridaeus ...           (Macedon)                                            (323-317) King      (h.b Alex III)          PC 32

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) satrap

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Babylonian Satrapy)                          (321-281) satrap

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

317                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                SECOND WAR OF THE DIADOCHI ...   (319-315)

                                Agathocles +                        (Syracuse)                                             (317-289) Tyrant

                                Phillip III Aridaeus -            (Macedon)                                            (323-317) King (h.b Alex III)               PC 32

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                (323-283) satrap

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Babylonian Satrapy)                          (321-281) satrap

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

316                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                SECOND WAR OF THE DIADOCHI ...   (319-315)

                                Olympias, mother of Alexander, murdered in revenge killings she ordered

                                Agathocles ...                       (Syracuse)                                             (317-289) Tyrant

                                Cassander +                          (Macedon)

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                (323-283) satrap

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Babylonian Satrapy)                          (321-281) satrap

                                Eumenes -                              (Bactria)                                                 (-316)

                                Antigonus +                         (Bactria)                                                 (-301)                     

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

315                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                SECOND WAR OF THE DIADOCHI -   (319-315)

                                THIRD SICILIAN WAR +   (315-307)                               Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Cassander in control of Macedonia

                                Agathocles ...                       (Syracuse)                                             (317-289) Tyrant

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) satrap

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Babylonian Satrapy)                          (321-281) satrap

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Ji Ding (Shen Jing Wang) -(China)                                                   Warring States

                                Cesilaus of Aeolis                                                                315-241

                                Aeschines                                                                             390-315

                                Heraclides of Pontus                                                           388-315

314                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                THIRD SICILIAN WAR ...   (315-307)               Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                THIRD WAR OF THE DIADOCHI +   (314-311)

                                Antigonus Monophthalmos frees Greece from Cassander

                                Agathocles ...                       (Syracuse)                                             (317-289) Tyrant

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) satrap

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Babylonian Satrapy)                          (321-281) satrap

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Nan +                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

313                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                THIRD SICILIAN WAR ...   (315-307)                              Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                THIRD WAR OF THE DIADOCHI ...   (314-311)

                                Antigonus captures Tyre from Ptolemy I Soter

                                Antigonus takes control of Pelopponesus

                                Agathocles ...                       (Syracuse)                                             (317-289) Tyrant

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                (323-283) satrap

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Babylonian Satrapy)                          (321-281) satrap

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

312                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                THIRD SICILIAN WAR ...   (315-307)                              Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                THIRD WAR OF THE DIADOCHI ...   (314-311)

                                Seleucus returns to Babylon  - beginning of Seleucid Empire

                                Roman censor Appius Claudius begins work on Via Appia connects Rome with Capua

                                Agathocles ...                       (Syracuse)                                             (317-289) Tyrant

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                (323-283) satrap

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Babylonian Satrapy)                          (321-281) satrap

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

311                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                THIRD SICILIAN WAR ...   (315-307)                               Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                THIRD WAR OF THE DIADOCHI -   (314-311)

                                Beginning of Seleucid Era (4)

                                -------------------------------------------------------

                                Seleucus I wages war with Antigonus for Eastern Provinces of Bactria (-302)

                                Agathocles ...                       (Syracuse)                                             (317-289) Tyrant

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                (323-283) satrap

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) satrap

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

310                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                THIRD SICILIAN WAR ...   (315-307)                               Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Battle of Lake Vadimo I - Samnites and Etruscans defeated by Romans under Q. Fabius Rullianus

                                Alexander IV and Roxane are murdered at the orders of Cassander - Alexander is recognized for five more years

                                Agathocles of Syracuse leads a counterstrike against Carthage

                                Agathocles ...                       (Syracuse)                                             (317-289) Tyrant

                                Alexander IV -                       (Macedon)                                                                                                            PC 33

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) satrap

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                  (321-281) satrap

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

                                Aristarchus of Samos                                                          310-230

                                Theocritus                                                                             310-250

309                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                THIRD SICILIAN WAR ...   (315-307)                              Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                Agathocles ...                       (Syracuse)                                             (317-289) Tyrant

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                (323-283) satrap

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                (321-281) satrap

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

308                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                THIRD SICILIAN WAR ...   (315-307)                              Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                FOURTH WAR OF THE DIADOCHI +   (308-301)

                                Agathocles ...                       (Syracuse)                                             (317-289) Tyrant

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                (323-283) satrap

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) satrap

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

                                Apelles                                                                                  352-308

307                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                THIRD SICILIAN WAR ...   (315-307)                              Carthage vs. Magna Grecia (Syracuse)

                                FOURTH WAR OF THE DIADOCHI ...   (308-301)

                                Demetrius Poliorcetes takes Athens and becomes king

                                Agathocles ...                       (Syracuse)                                             (317-289) Tyrant

                                Antigonus I +                       (Greece)

                                Demetrius I                            (Greece)

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                  (Ptolemaic Egypt)                               (323-283) satrap

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) satrap

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

306                          Nike of Samothrace

                                SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                FOURTH WAR OF THE DIADOCHI ...   (308-301)

                                Alexander's other generals declare themselves kings

                                Trade treaty between Rome and Carthage

                                Agathocles ...                       (Syracuse)                                             (317-289) Tyrant

                                Demetrius I Poliorcetes +    (Macedon)

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                  (Ptolemaic Egypt)                               (323-283) satrap

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) satrap

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

305                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR ...   (327-304)                         Rome vs. Samnium

                                FOURTH WAR OF THE DIADOCHI ...   (308-301)

                                Agathocles, tyrant of Syracuse makes peace with Carthage after heavy defeat

                                Highest title in Republican Rome changes from Praetor to Consul

                                Seleucus I Nicator assumes royal title after last of Macedonian Royal line ends

                                Ptolemy I becomes Pharaoh (King)

                                Agathocles ...                       (Syracuse)                                             (317-289) Tyrant                  

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)              

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)   

                                Callimachus of Cyrene                                                        305-240                                  

304                          SECOND SAMNITE WAR -   (327-304)                           Rome vs. Samnium

                                FOURTH WAR OF THE DIADOCHI ...   (308-301)

                                Seleucus loses Indian provinces to Chandragupta for 500 elephants

                                Second Samnite War ends (326-)

                                Rome makes peace with Samnites and other enemies

                                Rome gains Naples

                                Agathocles ...                       (Sicily)                                                    (317-289) King

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                 (321-281) King

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

303                          FOURTH WAR OF THE DIADOCHI ...   (308-301)

                                Agathocles ...                       (Sicily)                                                    (317-289) King

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                  (321-281) King

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

302                          FOURTH WAR OF THE DIADOCHI ...   (308-301)

                                Seleucids control Bactria (302-250)

                                Agathocles ...                       (Sicily)                                                    (317-289) King

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                  (321-281) King

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

301                          FOURTH WAR OF THE DIADOCHI -   (308-301)

                                Battle of Ipsus - Seleucus I defeats and kills Antigonus I near Phrygia

                                Ptolemy I gains Palestine

                                Seleucis gains Syria

                                Agathocles ...                       (Sicily)                                                    (317-289) King

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                  (321-281) King

                                Antigonus I -                        (Greece)

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

                                Antigonus I                                                                               -301    Diodachi General

300                          Carved walrus ivory head (Okvik Style - Panuk Islands, Alaska)

                                State of Choson formed in North Korea

                                Treaty between Rome and Carthage

                                Maya civilization in Yucatan and Central America

                                Agathocles ...                       (Sicily)                                                    (317-289) King

                                Ptolemy I Soter ...                 (Ptolemaic Egypt)                                 (323-283) King/Pharaoh                      PC 34     

                                Seleucus I Nicator ...            (Seleucid Empire)                                  (321-281) King

                                Chandragupta ...                   (Maurya Empire)                                  (322-298) Emperor (founder)

                                Nan ...                                     (Zhou China)                                        (314-256) 36th/last King      (Yin Ji)

                                Manetho                                                                                300 fl.      Historian (Egypt)

                                Pappus                                                                                   300 fl.

 




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