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800                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Book of Kells

                                Charlemagne crowned ôEmperor of the Romansö by Pope Leo III - Christmas Day (12/25)

                                ---------------------------------------------------

                                Vikings invade Germany

                                Arab culture appears in Europe

                                Aghlabid (Sunni) dynasty begins in Tunisia, eastern Algeria, Sicily (-909)

                                Beginning of Karaite sect

                                Founding of the kingdom of Kanem (Africa)

                                Maori people begin first wave of migration to New Zealand from Eastern Polynesia - complete by 1300

                                Cultivation of music in the monasteries

                                Al Kindi                                                                                 800-873

                                Eriugena, Johannes Scottus                                               800-877 (810-)        Ecclesiastical Intellectual

801                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

802                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Isaurian Dynasty in Byzantine Empire Ends

                                Irene -                                     (Byzantine Empire)                               (797-)      deposed

                                Nicephorus I +                      (Byzantine Empire)                               (-811)     

                                Egbert +                                 (Wessex)                                               (-839)     

803                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Charlemagne recovers Andorra from Muslims

                                Harun al Raschid suddenly ends power of the Barmecide family of Abbasid viziers in Baghdad

                                Sigurd Snogoie -                  (Denmark)                                              (794-)      Sigfred

                                Godfred +                              (Denmark)                                              (-810)

804                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Bjorn Ironside -                    (Sweden)                                               (794-)      Skioldung

                                Eric Bjornson +                     (Sweden)                                               (-808)      Skioldung

                                Louis the German                                                                 804-876

                                Alcuin of York                                                                      730-804

805                          Palace Chapel of Charlemagne construction ends - Minster of Aix-la-Chapelle dedicated

                                BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Charlemagne conquers Saxony

806                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Nicephoros I becomes Patriarch of Constantinople (4/12)

                                Nicephoros I +                      (Patriarchate of Constantinople)      (806-815)              Patriarch

                                Hincmar                                                                                 806-882                   Churchman (Frankish Kingdom)

807                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

808                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Eric Bjornson -                    (Sweden)                                                (804-)     Skioldung

                                Eric Raefillson +                 (Sweden)                                                (-820)     Skioldung

809                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Civil war between Amin and Ma'mun (-813)

                                Harun al-Rashid -                (Abbasid Caliphate)                             (786-)     5th Abbasid Caliph

                                al-Amin +                              (Abbasid Caliphate)                             (-812)     6th Abbasid Caliph

                                Harun al Raschid                                                                  766-809

810                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Godfred -                               (Denmark)                                            (803-)

                                Canute I +                             (Denmark)                                            (-850)     Harde-Knud (Hardicanute)

811                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Battle of Pliska - Nicephoros I emperor killed (7/26)

                                Nicephorus I -                      (Byzantine Empire)                             (802-)

                                Stauracius +-                       (Byzantine Empire)                             *****

                                Michael I +                            (Byzantine Empire)                             (-813)     Rhangabe

812                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                al-Amin -                               (Abbasid Caliphate)                             (809-)     6th Abbasid Caliph

813                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                First Bulgar siege of Constantinople

                                Reign of Ma'mun - translation movement (-833)

                                Arabic science and learning flourishes - espousal of Mu'takilism as the official theology

                                Michael I -                             (Byzantine Empire)                             (811-)     Rhangabe

                                Leo III +                 (Byzantine Empire)                             (-820)     the Armenian

                                al-Ma'mun +                         (Abbasid Caliphate)                             (-833)     7th Abbasid Caliph (s. Harun al Rashid)

814                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Charlemagne dies (1/28)

                                Earliest known diplomas of privileges to Jews (under Louis I the Pious)

                                Arabs adopt Indian numerals 0-9

                                Charlemagne -                       (France)                                                 (771-)

                                Louis I the Pious +               (France)                                                (-840)      (HR Emperor) s. Charlemagne

                                Bernard +                               (Carolingian Dynasty)                         (-818)      Grandson of Charlemagne

                                Charlemagne                                                                         742-814

815                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Death of Abu Nuwas - celebrated poet of Abbasid court

                                Second period of iconoclasm begins

816                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Leo III -                                                                                                  (795-)

                                Stephen IV (or V) +                                                                              (-817)

                                Agobard +                             (Archbishop of Lyons)                       (-840)

817                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Louis the Pious crowns his son Lothair co-emperor

                                Ibrahim ibn al-Mahdi +        (Abbasid               Caliphate)                             (-819)      Anti-Caliph

                                Stephen IV (or V) -                                                                               (816-)

                                Paschal I +                                                                                             (-824)

818                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Bernard -                                (Carolingian Dynasty)                         (814-)      Grandson of Charlemagne

                                Lothair I +                              (Carolingian Dynasty)                         (-855)      Grandson of Charlemagne

819                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Mamun finally enters Baghdad after overthrow of anti-caliph Ibrahim ibn al-Mahdi

                                Ibrahim ibn al-Mahdi -         (Abbasid               Caliphate)                             (817-)      Anti-Caliph

820                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Amorian dynasty in Byzantine Empire (-867)

                                Death of Shafi'i - founder of the Shafi'ite School of Law

                                Leo III -                                  (Byzantine Empire)                               (813-)      the Armenian

                                Michael II +                           (Byzantine Empire)                               (-829)      1st Amorian Emperor

                                Eric Raefillson -                    (Sweden)                                               (808-)      Skioldung

                                Emund and Bjorn +              (Sweden)                                               (-859)      Skioldung

                                Grimbald                                                                                820-903

                                Sankara                                                                                  788-820

821                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Peace between China and Tibet

822                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Hakam I -                               (Cordovan Amirate)                             (799-)

                                Abder Rahman II +              (Cordovan Amirate)                             (-852)

823                          Ebbo Gospels

                                BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Pope re-crowns Lothair Emperor of the West

                                Charles II the Bald                                                               823-877

824                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Lothair issues a constitution proclaiming his right to confirm papal elections

                                Gudrod Mikillati - (Norway)                                               (784-)

                                Olaf Geirstada +                    (Norway)

                                Paschal I -                                                                                              (817-)

                                Eugene II +                                                                                            (-827)

                                Han Yu                                                                                   767-824

825                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Aghlabids start conquest of Sicily

826                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

827                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Eugene II -                                                                                             (824-)

                                Valentine +-                                                                                           *****

                                Gregory IV +                                                                                         (-844)

828                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Egbert of Wessex recognized as overlord of other English kings

                                Arabs begin conquest of Byzantine Sicily

829                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                St. Ansgar introduces Christianity to Sweden

                                Michael II -                            (Byzantine Empire)                               (820-)      the Amorian

                                Theophilus +                        (Byzantine Empire)                               (-842)

830                          Utrecht Psalter

                                BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                House of Wisdom founded in Baghdad by Mamun - translating Greek works into Arabic

831                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Muslims capture Palermo

832                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

833                          Reign of Mu'tasim - beginning of domination by Turkish bodyguards (-842)

                                al Ma'mun -                           (Abbasid Caliphate)                            (813-)      7th Abbasid Caliph (s. Harun al Rashid)

                                al-Mu'tasim +                        (Abbasid Caliphate)                            (-842)      8th Abbasid Caliph             

                                Mamun                                                                                  786-833                   7th Abbasid Caliph

834                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

835                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

836                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Abassids transfer royal capital from Baghdad to Samarra (-892)

837                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

838                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Louis the Pious divides his empire among his three sons

                                Arabs take Amorium from Byzantine Empire

839                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Egbert -                                  (Wessex)                                               (802-)

                                Aethelwulf +                         (Wessex)                                               (-858)     

840                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Lothair I Emperor to 855 - his brothers ally against him

                                Mojmir forms a confederation of Slav tribes in Bohemia, Moravia, Slovakia, Hungary, and Transylvania

                                Uighur empire destroyed

                                Louis I the Pious -                (France)                                                 (Holy Roman Emperor)

                                Charles II the Bald +            (France)                                                 (Holy Roman Emperor)

                                Inigo Arista +                       (Navarre)

                                Olaf Geirstada -                     (Norway)

                                Halfdan Svart +                    (Norway)

                                Agobard -                              (Archbishop of Lyons)

                                Louis I The Pious                                                                 778-840                   King/Emperor (France/HRE)             

841                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Battle of Fontenay - Charles the Bald and Louis the German defeat Lothair I and Pepin II (6/25)

                                Religious persecutions in China (-845)

842                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Oaths of Strasbourg - between Louis the German (East Franks) and Charles the Bald (West)

                                Oaths of Strasbourg  - Louis and Charles pledge their allegiance against their brother emperor Lothair

                                Khitan people invade Uygur Empire - Uygers move west - Empire collapses

                                Theophilus -                         (Byzantine Empire)                             (829-)

                                Michael III +                         (Byzantine Empire)                             (-867)     (the Drunkard)

                                al-Mu'tasim -                        (Abbasid Caliphate)                             (833-)     8th Abbasid Caliph

                                al-Wathiq +                           (Abbasid Caliphate)                             (-847)     9th Abbasid Caliph

                                Alfonso II -                            (Asturias)                                             (791-)     the Chaste

                                Ramiro I +                             (Asturias)                                             (842-850)

843                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Treaty of Verdun - redivides Frankish Empire into three spheres of influence

                                Treaty of Verdun - Ludwig the German: East Franconia; Charles the Bald: West Franconia; Lothair: Italy etc.

                                Council of Orthodoxy - Iconoclast movement defeated

                                Kingdoms of the Picts and DalRadian (Scots unite)

                                Kenneth I MacAlpine +      (Scotland)                              (843-860) Picts and Scots United

844                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Louis II, son of Lothair I is crowned King of Italy by Pope Sergius II in Rome (6/15)

                                --------------------------------------------------------

                                Kenneth MacAlpine conquers Picts and unifies Scotland

                                Gregory IV -                                                                                          (827-)

                                John (antipope) +-                                                                               *****

                                Sergius II +                                                                                            (-847)

845                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Viking raiders under Ragnar Lodbrok sack Paris - collect first danegeld  in exchange for leaving (3/28)

                                Vikings sack Hamburg

                                Vikings sack Melun

846                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Muslim raiders penetrate thirteen miles up the Tiber and devastate the suburbs of Rome and St. Peter's Church

                                Rise of Cholas and defeat of Pallavis

                                Rastislav +                            (Great Moravia)                                    (846-870)

847                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Methodios, Patriarch of Constantinople dies (6/14)

                                Ignatius becomes Patriarch of Constantinople (7/4)

                                Drust X ...                              (Pict Kingdom)                                     (845-848)                King

                                Kenneth I MacAlpine ...     (Scotland)                                              (843-860)

                                Rhodri the Great ...               (Gwynedd)                                            (844-878)                King

                                Beorhtwulf ...                        (Mercia)                                                 (840-852)                24th King

                                Ethelwulf ...                           (Wessex)(Kent)                                    (839-856)                King                      

                                Aethelweard ...                     (East Anglia)                                         (845-854)                King

                                Ramiro I ...                             (Kingdom of Asturias)                        (842-850)                King

                                ═˝igo I ...                                (Pamplona)                                            (824-852)                1st King (═˝iguez Dynasty)

                                Jimeno I ...                             (Pamplona)                                            (???-860)                King (sub-king) (Jimenez Dyn.)

                                Abder Rahman II ...              (Cordovan Amirate)                             (822-852)                Emir

                                Pepin II ...                              (Aquitaine)                                            (838-864)                King (s. Pepin I)

                                Charles the Bald ...               (West Francia)                                      (843-877)                King (s. Louis the Pious)

                                Lothair I ...                             (HRE)(Middle Francia)                        (840-)(843-855)      Emperor (s. Louis the Pious)

                                Louis II the German ...         (East Francia)                                        (843-877)                King (s. Louis the Pious)

                                Louis II ...                              (Italy)                                                     (844-875)                King (s. Lothair I)

                                Hincmar +                              (Archbishopric of Reims)   (847-882)

                                Rastislav ...                            (Great Moravia)                                    (846-870)

                                Pietro Tradonico ...              (Venice)                                                 (837-864)                Doge

                                Sergius II -                             (Patriarchate of Rome)                         (844-847)

                                Leo IV +                 (Patriarchate of Rome                          (847-855)                103rd Pope

                                Theodora ...                           (Byzantine Empire)                               (842-855)                Regent (m. Michael III)

                                Michael III ...                         (Byzantine Empire)                               (842-867)                (the Drunkard) Amorian Dyn.

                                Methodios I -                        (Patriarchate of Constantinople)       (843-847)

                                Ignatius +                              (Patriarchate of Constantinople)       (847-858)1             

                                al-Wathiq -                            (Abbasid Caliphate)                            (842-847)                9th Abbasid Caliph

                                al-Mutawakkil +                    (Abbasid Caliphate)                            (847-861)                10th Abbasid Caliph

                                Bhoja I ...                               (Pratihara Kingdom)                            (836-886)                King

                                Amoghavarsha I ...              (Rashtrakuta Kingdom)                       (814-878)                King

                                Vijayaditya II -                      (Eastern Chalukya Kingdom)             (808-847)                King

                                Vishnuvardhana V +            (Eastern Chalukya Kingdom)             (847-849)                King      

                                Devapala                               (Pala Kingdom)                                     (810-850)                King

                                Xuanzong ...                          (Tang China)                                         (846-859)                Emperor (Li Chen)

                                Munseong ...                        (Silla Kingdom)                                     (839-857)                King      

                                Dae Ijin ...                              (Balhae Kingdom)                                (830-???)                King

                                Nimmyo ...                             (Heian Japan)                                        (833-850)                54th Emperor

                                Jayavarman II ...                   (Khmer Empire)Devaraja cult             (802-850)                Emperor

                                 ???????                                  (Third Chinese Domination of Annam) (???-???)

848                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Charles the Bald, Louis the German, and Lothar meet in Koblenz (6/22)

                                The Saracens destroy Leontini

                                Mael Sechlainn I defeats a Norse army at Sciath Nechtain in Ireland

849                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Pagan Kingdom established (-1287 Mongol Conquest

                                Strabo, Walafrid                                                                             -849               Monk (Germany) 8/18

850                          Beginning of Polyphony

                                Great Mosque at Samara built

                                Acropolis of Zimbabwe built

                                BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Death of Kindi - first Arab philosopher

                                University of Constantinople opens

                                Ramiro I -                               (Asturias)                                              (842-)

                                Ordono I +                             (Asturias)                                              (-866)

                                Al Battani                                                                              850-929

                                Al Khowarizmi                                                                      780-850

851                          Dedication of the Bible to Charles the Bald (Bible of Charles the Bald)

                                BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Inigo Arista -                        (Navarre)

852                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Abder Rahman II -               (Cordovan Amirate)                             (822-852)                Emir

                                Mohammed I +                     (Cordovan Amirate)                             (-886)

                                Boris +                                   (Bulgaria)                                               (-893)      Czar Michael Simeon

853                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

854                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Eric I -                                     (Denmark)                                              (850-)      Haarik

                                Eric II +                                  (Denmark)                                              (-883)      Haarik

855                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Lothair's lands are again divided

                                Death of Ahmad ibn Hanbal - founder of the Hanbalite School of Law

                                Lothair I -                               (Carolingian Dynasty)                         (818-)      Grandson of Charlemagne

                                Ludwig II (Louis) +              (Carolingian Dynasty)                         (-875)      Holy Roman Emperor (s. of Louis I)

                                Leo IV -                                                                                                  (847-)     

                                Benedict III +                                                                                        (-858)

                                Anastasias (antipope) +-                                                                    *****

                                Lothair I                                                                                 795-855

856                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Main tide of Viking assaults on England (-875)

857                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Photian Schism - Byzantine Church under Photius challenges the authority of the Pope      (867)

                                Photius +                               (Patriarch of Constantinople)             Ignatius abdicated

858                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Aethelwulf -                          (England)                                               (839-)      King of Wessex

                                Aethelbald +                         (England)                                               (-860)      King of Wessex (s. Aethelwulf)

                                Benedict III -                                                                                         (855-)

                                Nicholas I +                                                                                           (-867)

859                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

860                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Riurik in Novgorod

                                First Russian raid on Constantinople

                                Aethelbald -                          (England)                                               (858-)      King of Wessex (s. Aethelwulf)

                                Aethelbert +                          (England)                                               (-865)      King of Wessex (s. Aethelwulf)

                                Kenneth I MacAlpine -       (Scotland)                                              (843-)

                                Donald I +                             (Scotland)                                              (-863)

861                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Vikings discover Iceland

                                Abbasid Caliph al-Mutawakkil murdered by his bodyguards - first to end in that fashion

                                al-Mutawakkil -                     (Abbasid Caliphate)                            (847-)      10th Abbasid Caliph murdered

                                al-Muntasir +                        (Abbasid Caliphate)                            (-862)      11th Abbasid Caliph

862                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Rurik with the Viking tribe of Russ seizes power in northern Russia - Novgorod founded

                                al-Muntasir -                         (Abbasid Caliphate)                            (861-)      11th Abbasid Caliph

                                al-Musta'in +                         (Abbasid Caliphate)                            (-866)      12th Abbasid Caliph

                                Rurik of Novgorod +           (Kiev)                                                     (879-)      Grand Duke

                                Baldwin I +                            (Flanders)                                              (-878)      1st Count

863                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Battle of Poson - Michael III defeats Arabs

                                Cyrillo-Methodian mission to the Slavs (-864)

                                Photius sends Cyril and Methodius from Constantinople to Moravia at behest of Prince Rostislav

                                Donald I -                              (Scotland)                                              (860-)

                                Constantine +                       (Scotland)                                              (-877)

                                Halfdan Svart -                     (Norway)

864                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Conversion (baptism) of Boris-Michael of Bulgaria

                                Costa ben Luca                                                                    864-923

865                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Russian Vikings attack Constantinople

                                The Tulunid dynasty in Egypt and Syria (-905)

                                Aethelbert -                           (England)                                               (860-)      King of Wessex (s. Aethelwulf)

                                Aethelred +                           (England)                                               (-871)      King of Wessex (s. Aethelwulf)

866                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                al-Musta'in -                          (Abbasid Caliphate)                            (862-)      12th Abbasid Caliph

                                al-Mu'tazz +                           (Abbasid Caliphate)                            (-869)      13th Abbasid Caliph

                                Ordono I -                              (Asturias)                                              (850-)

                                Alfonso III the Great +        (Asturias)                                              (-910)

867                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Macedonian Dynasty in Byzantine Empire (-1056)

                                Michael III -                          (Byzantine Empire)                               (842-867)                (the Drunkard) murdered

                                Basil I the Macedonian +    (Byzantine Empire)                               (-886)

                                Nicholas I -                                                                                            (858-)

                                Adrian II +                                                                                             (-872)

868                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

869                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Arabs conquer Malta

                                Death of Jahiz - literary figure

                                al-Mu'tazz -                            (Abbasid Caliphate)                            (866-)      13th Abbasid Caliph

                                al-Muhtadi +                         (Abbasid Caliphate)                            (-870)      14th Abbasid Caliph

870                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Death of Bukhari - famed for his compendium of Tradition

                                Vikings land in England - invade Wessex

                                Rastislav -                             (Great Moravia)                                    (846-)

                                al-Muhtadi -                          (Abbasid Caliphate)                            (869-)      14th Abbasid Caliph

                                al-Mu'tamid +                        (Abbasid Caliphate)                            (-892)      15th Abbasid Caliph

                                Al Farabi                                                                                870-950

871                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Battle of Reading - Danes defeat Aethelred I King of Wessex (1/4)

                                Battle of Ashdown - Aethelred defeats Danes in Wessex with Prince Alfred the Great commanding (1/8)

                                Battle of Basing - Danes defeat Aethelred I of Wessex again (1/22)

                                Battle of Merton - Aethelred dies in battle against Danes (4/23)

                                Rise of the Saffarids in Persia

                                Aethelred -                            (England)                                               (865-)      King of Wessex (s. Aethelwulf)

                                Alfred the Great +                (England)                                               (-899)      King of Wessex (son of Aethelwulf)

                                Borivoj I +                             (Bohemia)                                              (894-)      Premyslid  Count

872                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Battle of Hafrsfjord - Harald Haarfager I defeats other petty kings and becomes ruler of Norway

                                Harold I +                              (Norway)                                               (-930)      Harald Fairhair

                                Adrian II -                                                                                              (867-)

                                John VIII +                                                                                            (-882)

873                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Muhammad al Mahdi disappears at 5 years old according to Twelver Shi'a tradition

                                Eric Emundson -                   (Sweden)                                               (859-)      Skioldung

                                Bjorn Erickson +                   (Sweden)                                               (-923)      Skioldung

                                Al Kindi                                                                                 800-873

874                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Vikings settle in Iceland

875                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Death of Muslim - famed for his Compendium of Tradition

                                Ludwig II (Louis) -               (France)                                                 (855-)      HR Emperor (Carolingian Dynasty)

                                Charles the Bald +                (France)                                                 (-877)      HR Emperor (Carolingian)(s. Louis I)

                                Arpad +                                 (Hungary)                                              Chieftan

876                          Ibn Tulun Mosque construction in Cairo

                                BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Byzantines recapture the Cilician gates - beginning of Byzantine reconquest of southern Italy

                                Henry the Fowler                                                                 876-936

                                Louis the German                                                                 804-876

877                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Anarchy follows Charles the Bald's death (10/5)

                                Death of Hunayn ibn Ishaq - most prominent translator of Greek works

                                Charles II the Bald -             (France)                                                 (875-)      HR Emperor (Carolingian)(s. Louis I)

                                Louis II the Stammerer +     (France)                                                 (-879)

                                Carloman +                            (France)                                                 (-880)      (Carolingian Dynasty) (n. of Lothair I)

                                Constantine-                         (Scotland)                                              (863-)

                                Aed +                                     (Scotland)

                                Charles II the Bald                                                               823-877                   Holy Roman Emperor

                                Eriugena, Johannes Scottus                                               800-877                   Ecclesiastical Intellectual

878                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Battle of Edington - Alfred King of Wessex decesively defeats Danes (under Guthram)

                                Treaty of Wedmore - England divided between Wessex in the south and the Danelaw in the north

                                Aed -                                       (Scotland)

                                Eochaid +                               (Scotland)                                              (-889)

                                Baldwin I -                             (Flanders)                                             (861-)     Count

                                Baldwin II +                          (Flanders)                                             (-918)     Count

879                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Loss of Provence to Boso, count of Arles

                                Looting of Canton

                                Louis II the Stammerer -      (France)                                                 (877-)      (s. Charles II the Bald)

                                Louis III +                              (France)                                                 (-882)

                                Carloman III +                       (France)                                                 (-884)      (s. Louis II)

                                Rurik of Novgorod -            (Kiev)                                                     (862-)      Grand Duke

                                Oleg (Helgi) +                       (Kiev)                                                     (-912)      Grand Duke

880                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Byzantine Emperor Basil I recovers Italy from the Arabs

                                Rise of Kiev under Oleg (-912)

                                Carloman -                             (France)                                                 (877-)      (Carolingian Dynasty)  (n. Lothair I)

                                Charles III the Fat +             (France)                                                 (Carolingian Dynasty) (b. Carloman)

881                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Charles III the Fat Emperor and King of Germany becomes king of the Franks uniting Charlemagne's Empire

882                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Louis III -                               (France)                                                 (879-)

                                John VIII -                                                                                             (872-)

                                Marinus I +                                                                                           (-884)

                                Hincmar -                               (Archbishop of Reims)                        (847-)     

                                Gaon, Sa'adyah ben Joseph                                               882-942                   Philosopher (Jewish)

                                Hincmar                                                                                 806-882                   Churchman (Frankish Kingdom)

883                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Eric II -                                   (Denmark)                                              (854-)      Haarik

                                Gorm the Old +                     (Denmark)                                              (-941)

884                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Carloman III -                        (France)                                                 (879-)

                                Charles the Fat +                  (France)                                                 (-887)

                                Marinus I -                                                                                            (882-)

                                Adrian III +                                                                                           (-885)

885                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Paris refortified and successfully defended by Eudes and Gozlin against Norse raids (-887)

                                Adrian III -                                                                                            (884-)

                                Stephen V (or VI) +                                                                              (-891)

886                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Alfred captures London from the Danes

                                Basil I the Macedonian -     (Byzantine Empire)                               (867-)

                                Leo VI the Wise +                (Byzantine Empire)                               (-912)

                                Mohammed I -                      (Cordovan Amirate)                             (852-)

                                Mondhir +                             (Cordovan Amirate)                             (-888)

887                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Charles the Fat -                   (France)                                                 (884-)

888                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Eudes (Odo) +                      (France)                                                 (-898)

                                Guy of Spoleto +                  (Italy)                                                     (-894)                                     

                                Berengarius of Friuli +         (Italy)                                                     (-923)      Great Grandson of Charlemagne (rival)

                                Mondhir -                              (Cordovan Amirate)                             (886-)

                                Abdallah +                            (Cordovan Amirate)                             (-912)

889                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Eochaid -                               (Scotland)                                              (878-)

                                Donald II +                            (Scotland)                                              (-900)

890                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Appearance of the Carmathians in Iraq and Syria (-906)

891                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Alfred founds the Anglo-Saxon chronicle - history of England

                                Stephen V (or VI) -                                                                               (885-)

                                Formosus +                                                                                           (-896)

892                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Baghdad again becomes the capital of Abbasid Caliphate

                                al-Mu'tamid -                         (Abbasid               Caliphate)                             (870-)      15th Abbasid Caliph

                                al-Mu'tadid +                        (Abbasid               Caliphate)                             (-902)      16th Abbasid Caliph

893                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Charles III the Simple +       (France)                                                 (1/28)

                                Boris -                                    (Bulgaria)                                               (852-)      Czar Michael Simeon

                                Simeon I +                             (Bulgaria)                                               (-927)      Czar

894                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Guy of Spoleto -                   (Italy)                                                     (888-)

                                Lambert +                              (Italy)                                                     (-898)      Son of Guy Spoleto

                                Borivoj I -                              (Bohemia)                                              (871-)      Premyslid  Count

                                Spithnjew I +                         (Bohemia)                                              (-895)      Premyslid  Count

895                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Spithnjew I -                          (Bohemia)                                              (894-)      Premyslid  Count

                                Spithnjew I +                         (Bohemia)                                              Premyslid  Duke

896                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Shewa Kingdom forms in Ethiopia - capital at Walalah

                                Formosus -                                                                                            (891-)

                                Boniface VI +-                                                                                       *****

                                Stephen VI (or VII) +                                                                           (-897)

897                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Stephen VI (or VII) -                                                                            (896-)

                                Romanus +-                                                                                           *****

                                Theodore II +-                                                                                      *****

898                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Eudes (Odo) - (1/1)              (France)                                                 (888-)

                                Lambert -                               (Italy)                                                     (894-)      Son of Guy Spoleto

                                John IX +                                                                                               (900-)

899                          BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WARS ...   (680-1355)

                                Magyars from the East invade Moravia

                                Alfred the Great -                (England)                                               (871-899)King of Wessex (son of Aethelwulf)

                                Edward (the Elder) +            (England)                                               (899-924)              King of Wessex

                                Louis III of Burgundy +      (Italy)                                                     (-905)     Grandson of Ludwig II

 




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