THE PORTRAIT TIMELINE

                             



   




                               MASTER INDEX -  PREHISTORY TO 1399 CE


40,000 BP      Venus of Hohle Fels, found near Schelklingen, Germany, ca. 40,000-35,000  (Aurignacian)      (Photo: H. Jensen,UniversitätTübingen) 
                 Löwenmensch (Lionman) found in Stadel cave in Hohlenstein Mountain,   Ulmer Museum, Ulm (Photo: Ulm Museum)
30,000 BP
26,000 BP      Venus of Brassempouy, ca. 26,000-25,000 BCE   Musée d'Archéologie nationaleSaint-Germain-en-Laye   (Photo: Zolo, 2007, Wikipedia)
25,000 BP      Venus de Laussel, ca. 25000 BP (Gravettian),   Musée d'Aquitaine à Bordeaux     (Photo: 120, 2008, Wikipedia) 
24,000 BP      Venus of Willendorf, ca. 24,000-22,000 (Gravettian),    Naturhistorisches Museum Wien   (Photo: Don Hitchcock, Wikipedia)
20,000 BP
15,000 BP      Le bison se lechant, ca.  15000  BP,  Musée d'Archéologie nationaleSaint-Germain-en-Laye  (Photo: Museum Website)
10,000 BP
9000 BP
8000 BP         Seated Mother Goddess of Çatal Hüyük (with restored head), ca. 6000-5500 BCE,  Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, Ankara (Photo: Nevit  Dilmen, 2012, WKP)
7500 BP
                       Adam of Grovrlevo, ca. 7500-7000 BP,  Skopje, Macedonia

7000 BP
6000 BP
3100 B.C.E.      Lady of Uruk ("The Warka Head"),  ca. 3100,  BCE,   Iraq National Museum, Baghdad  IM 45434       oldest "naturalistic" human portrait?
3000                 Narmer Palette (detail), ca. 3000 BCE,  Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, Cairo  
2900
2800
2700
2686      Khasekhemwy, 5th and last pharaoh of 2nd Dynasty, Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, Cairo    (Photo: Jon Bodsworth, 2007, Wikipedia)
2667      Djoser,  1st Pharaoh 3rd Dynasty, reigned ca. 2667-2648,      Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, Cairo    (Photo: Jon Bodsworth, Wikipedia)       
2613      Sneferu, 1st Pharaoh of 4th Dynasty, reigned ca. 2613-2589 B.C.E.,   Location TBD     (Photo: Snofru, 2002 Wikipedia)
              A Seated Scribe, possibly 4th Dynasty, 2620-2500 B.C.E.,    Musée du Louvre, Paris      (Photo: soloegipto, Flickr)                              
2600
2580      Khufu, 2nd Pharoah of the 4th Dynasty,  reigned ca. 2589-2566 BCE,  Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, Cairo
2520      Djedefre, 3rd Pharaoh of 4th Dynasty, Old Kingdom,  ca. 2520-2500              Musée du Louvre, Paris    (Photo: Sebi, 2007, Wikipedia)
2500      Khafra, 4th Pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty, Old Kingdom, reigned ca. 2500-2475,     Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, Cairo   (Photo: Jon Bodsworth, Wikipedia)
              A Pharaoh of the Old Kingdom, looks like Khafra, 4th Pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty, reigned ca. 2500-2475,  National Archaeological Museum, Athens
2475      Menkaura, 5th or 6th Pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty, reigned ca. ca. 2475-2450, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA   (Photo:Keith Schengili-Roberts, Wikipedia) 
2450      Demedji  and Hennutsen , from the early 5th Dynasty ,   The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, 51.37  (Photo: Museum Website)
2400
2300      Pepi I Meryre, 3rd Pharaoh of the 6th Dynasty,   ca. 2332-2283,  Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, Cairo
              Sargon of Akkad, reigned ca. 2334-2215, Middle to Short Chronology,  Baghdad Museum
2288      Ankhnesmeryre II and Son Pepi II, 6th Dynasty ca. 2284-2184, Location TBD   (Photo: Keith Schengili-Roberts, Wikipedia)
2200
2150      A Ruler, possibly Akkadian, ca. 2300-2000 BCE,   The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY  47.100.80   (Photo: Met Database)
2112      Ur-Nammu, founder of 3rd Dynasty of Ur, reigned ca. 2112-1195 (Middle Chronology),   detail from Stela of Ur-Nammu   Location TBD
              Ur-Nammu, founder of 3rd Dynasty of Ur, reigned ca. 2112-1195 (Middle Chronology),     The British Museum, London,  ME 113896
2110      Ur-Ningirsu, 2nd Dynasty of Lagash, son of Gudea, ca. 2110 B.C.E.,    Musée du Louvre, Paris,    AO 9504      (Photo: Louvre Atlas Database)   
2100
2050      Mentuhotep II, 11th Dynasty, 1st Intermediate,  reigned ca. 2046-2010 B.C.E.,  Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, Cairo (Photo: Jon Bodswworth, 2007, Wikipedia)
              Mentuhotep II, 11th Dynasty, 1st Intermediate,  reigned ca. 2046-2010 B.C.E.,  Musei Vaticani, Roma

2010      Mentuhotep III  11th Dynasty, 1st Intermediate,  reigned ca. 2010-1998 B.C.E.,     Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
2000
1971      Senusret I, 2nd Pharoah of the 12th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1971-1929,  Altes Museum Berlin
              Senusret I, 2nd Pharoah of the 12th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1971-1929,  Ägyptisches Museum der Universität Leipzig    (Photo: Einsamer Schutz, Wikipedia)
1929      Amenemhat II, 3rd Pharoah of the 12th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1929-1895 B.C.E.,  Musée du Louvre, Paris  (Photo: Captmondo, 2005, Wikipedia)
              Amenemhat II,3rd Pharoah of the 12th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1929-1895 B.C.E.,  Location TBD
              Amenemhat II, 3rd Pharoah of the 12th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1929-1895 B.C.E.,  Neues Museum, Berlin
1900      Canopic Jars of Lady Nepthys, ca. 1900 B.C.E., 12th Dynasty, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,  11.150.17e
1878      Senusret III (Sesostris III) 5th Pharaoh of the 12th Dynasty, reigned ca.1878-1839,  Luxor Museum, Egypt
              Sesostris III /Sphinx, 5th Pharaoh of the 12th Dynasty, reigned ca.1878-1839,   Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien,   Inv AE_INV_5813  (Official Website Photo)
              Senusret III (Sesostris III), 5th Pharaoh of the 12th Dynasty, reigned ca.1878-1839, Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore, MD 
              Senusret III (Sesostris III), 5th Pharaoh of the 12th Dynasty, reigned ca.1878-1839, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, 26.7.1394
              A Nobleman (The Josephson Head), ca. 1878-1841 BCE ("late XII Dynasty)   possibly from Memphis,  Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA,   2003.244
1860      Amenemhat III,  6th Pharaoh of the 12th Dynasty,  reigned ca 1260-1214 B.C.E., The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
             
Amenemhat III, 6th Pharaoh of the 12th Dynasty,  reigned ca 1260-1214 B.C.E.,  Musée du Louvre, Paris
              Amenemhat III?, 6th Pharaoh of the 12th Dynasty,  reigned ca 1260-1214 B.C.E.,  Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien     Inv.-Nr. AE_INV_6
              Amenemhat III, 6th Pharaoh of the 12th Dynasty, reigned ca 1260-1214 B.C.E.,   Neues Museum, Berlin    (photo: kairoinfo4u, Flickr)
              Amenemhat III, 6th Pharaoh of the 12th Dynasty, reigned ca 1260-1214 B.C.E.,   George Ortiz Collection,  Genève
1842      A King, ca. 1842-1795,   Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen   (Photo: Museum Website)
1810      Amenemhat IV, 7th Pharaoh of the 12th Dynasty,  reigned ca. 1815-1804 B.C.E.,   The British Museum, London
1803      Sobekhotep I (possibly), ruler of the 13th Dynasty, Second Intermediate Period,  Musée du Louvre, Paris, E 12924 (Photo: Juan R. Lazaro, 2007, Wikipedia)
1802
1800
1700
1600
1535      Ahmose I, founder of the 18th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1539-1514 B.C.E.,  The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,  2006.270
1506      Thutmose I ?, 3rd Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty,  reigned  ca. 1506-1493, Amun-Ra Temple, Karnak, The Brititsh Museum, London,   1907.0713.4  (Photo: Capt. Mondo)
1500
1470      Hatshepsut,  5th Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, New Kingdom, reigned ca. 1479-1458,     The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
             
Thutmose III, 6th Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, New Kingdom, reigned  ca. 1479-1427 B.C.E.,  Luxor Museum, Egypt
              Thutmose III?, 6th Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, New Kingdom, reigned  ca. 1479-1427 B.C.E.,    Seattle Art Museum, WA  52.70
1450      Wadj Shemsi Su, early 18th Dynasty, ca. 1500-1425 B.C.E.,  Princeton University Art Museum, 1998-37,  (Photo: Bruce M. White)
1427      Amenhotep II, 7th Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1427-1401 B.C.E., Brooklyn Museum, NY
              Amenhotep II,7th Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1427-1401 B.C.E.,  NY Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen  (Photo: Museum Website)
1401      Thutmose IV, 8th Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1401-1391 B.C.E.,    Location TBD   (Photo: Einsamer Schutze, 2006, Wikipedia)
              Thutmose IV, 8th Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1401-1391 B.C.E.,   Musée du Louvre, Paris   (Photo: Siren, 2005, Wikipedia)
1400
1391      Amenhotep III, 9th Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1391-1353,  The British Museum, London   (Photo: A. Parrot, Wikipedia) 
              Amenhotep III, 9th Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, ]reigned ca. 1391-1353,  Neues Museum, Berlin   (Photo: Neithsabes, 2007, Wikipedia)
              Queen Tiy, wife of Amenhotep III, ca. 1398-1338 BCE,   Altes Museum, Berlin    (Photo: Keith Schengli-Roberts, 2006, Wikipedia)
1353      Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV), 10th Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1353-1334,  Luxor Museum, Egypt
              Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV),10th Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1353-1334,  Location TBD
              Queen Nefertiti, wife of Akhenaten, lived ca.  1370-1330,     Neues Museum, Berlin
              Aein,  ca. 1353 B.C.E.,  Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek
              An Egyptian Queen, ca. 1353-1336,   The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,  26.7.1396  
 1350    
Akhenaten, Nefertiti, and Children, ca. 1350, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Agyptisches Museum  (Photo: Gerbil, WKP
 
1332      Tutanhkamun?,  18th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1332-1323 B.C.E., The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY (Photo: Keith Schengili-Roberts, 2007, Wikipedia)
              Tutanhkamun, 18th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1332-1323 B.C.E.,  The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, Cairo   (Photo: Jon Bodsworth, 2007, Wikipedia)
              Tutanhkamun, 18th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1332-1323 B.C.E., The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, Cairo    (Photo: MykReeve, 2002, Wikipedia) 
1350      Pharaoh Akhenaten, Queen Nefertiti and their children, ca. 1350 B.C.E.,  Agyptisches Museum, Berlin (Photo: Gerbil, Wikipedia)
1319      Horemheb, last pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1319-1292 B.C.E., Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien  (Photo: Captmondo, 2010, Wikipedia)
1300
1279      Seti I, 2nd Pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1294-1279 B.C.E.,  Dallas Museum of Art, TX,  1984.50
              T uya XIX,  wife of Seti I, ca. 1279 B.C.E.  Musei Vaticani, Roma
1250      Ramesses II, 3rd Pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1279-1213 B.C.E.,  Abu Simbel Temples, Nubia, Egypt
              Ramesses II,The Younger Memnon, 3rd Pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty,reigned ca. 1279-1213 B.C.E.   The  British Museum, London 
1213      Nehy, ca.1279-1213 B.C.E.,  Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, MD,  22.106
1210      Merneptah, 4th Pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty, reigned ca. 1213-1203 B.C.E.,The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, Cairo
1200      A Woman holding a Sistrum, ca. 1250-1200 B.C.E.,         Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, MD,  32.9
              Amun?,   ca. 1200 B.C.E.,  Seattle Art Museum, WA,     51.69
1100
1040      Psusennes I, 3rd Pharoah of the 21st Dynasty, reigned ca. 1047-1001 B.C.E.,  Museum of Fine Arts of Valenciennes, France
1000
999
992      Amenemope, 4th Pharaoh of the 21st Dynasty, reigned ca. 1001-992 B.C.E.,   Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, Cairo
990
980
970
960
950
940
930
920
910
900      Osorkon I, 2nd Pharaoh of the 22nd Dynasty, reigned ca. 922-887 B.C.E.,  Musée du Louvre, Paris,  AO 9502
            Stele of Taparet 1, 22nd Dynasty, Third Intermediate Period, Thebes, Louvre
           
Stele of Taparet 2, 22nd Dynasty, Third Intermediate Period, Thebes, Louvre
890      
887      Shoshenq II, 3rd King of the 22nd Dynasty,  reigned ca. 887-885 B.C.E.,   Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, Cairo
883      Ashurnasirpal, King of Neo-Assyria, reigned 883-859 B.C.E., from Nimrud, ancient Kalhu Tmple of Ishtar Sharrat-Niphi,    The British Museum, London
880
872      Gods Osiris, Isis, and Horus, pendant with name Osorkon II, 22nd Dynasty, reigned ca. 872-837 B.C.E.,   Musée du Louvre, Paris,   E 6204
870
860
858      Shalmaneser III, King of Neo-Assyria, reigned ca. 858-824 B.C.E., Istanbul Archaeological Museums
850
840
830
820
810
800
799
798
797
796      Adad-Nirari III, Assyrian King, reigned 811-783 B.C.E., from Tell al-Rimah, Iraq,  Iraq National Museum, Baghdad  (stolen)
795
794
793
792
791
790
789
788
787
786
785
784
783
782
781
780
779
778
777
776
775
774
773
772
771
770
769
768
767
766
765
764
763
762
761
760
759
758
757
756
755
754
753
752
751
750
749
748
747
746
745
744
743
742
741
740
739
738
737
736
735
734
733
732
731
730      Tiglath-Pileser III, King of Assyria, reigned 747-727 B.C.E.,  The British Museum, London     (Photo: Wikipedia)
729
728
727
726
725
724
723
722
721
720
719
718
717
716      Sargon II and a Dignitary, King of Assyria, reigned 722-705 B.C.E.,   Musée du Louvre, Paris,    AO19873/AO19874  (Photo:Jastrow, 2006, Wikipedia)
           
A Servant, ca. 716-713 B.C.E., from Dur Sharrukin, Khorsabad, Iraq,    Musée du Louvre, Paris,  AO22106   (Photo: Jastrow, 2005, Wikipedia)
715
714
713
712
711
710
709
708
707
706
705
704
703
702
701
700      An Assyrian Worshipper, ca. 700 B.C.E.,  Cincinnati Art Museum, OH,  1955.70   (Photo: Museum Website)
699
698
697
696
695
694
693
692
691
690       Taharqa, 5th Pharaoh of the 25th Dynasty, reigned ca. 690-664 B.C.E.,   The British Museum, London    (Photo: Udimu, 2006, Wikipedia)
689
688
687
686
685
684
683
682
681
680
679
678
677
676
675      Taharqa as Sphinx, 5th Pharaoh of the 25th Dynasty, Nubian, reigned 690-664 B.C.E.,   The British Museum, London
            Necho I or II, 26th Dynasty, ca. 967-595 B.C.E.,  Brooklyn Museum, NY   (Photo: Captmondo, 2007, Wikipedia)
674
673
672
671
670
669
668
667
666
665
664
663
662
661
660
659
658
657
656      Psammetichus (Psamtik) I, ca. 656 B.C.E.,  1st Pharaoh of the 26th Dynasty, Tomb of Pabasa, Theban Necropolis (Photo: Neithsabes, 2005, Wikipedia)
655
654
653
652
651
650
649
648
647
646
645
644
643
642
641
640
639
638
637
636
635
634
633
632
631
630
629
628
627
626
625
624
623
622
621
620
619
618
617
616
615
614
613
612
611
610      Antefix from Matauros (modern day Gioia Tauro, Italy)  , ca. 625-600 B.C.E.,   The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,  22.139.56
609
608
607
606
605
604
603
602
601
600      A Man, ca. 26th Dynasty, ca. 685-525 B.C.E., Freer/Sackler Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.,  F1908.56
            Kouros, ca. 600 B.C.E.,  from Kerameikos,   National Archaeological Museum, Athens,   3372
            A Cypriot Male, ca. 600 B.C.E.,  Indianapolis Museum of Art, IN,   28.39   (Photo: Museum Website)
599
598
597
596
595      Psamtik II, 3rd Pharaoh of the 26th Dynasty,  reigned 595-589 B.C.E., The British Museum, London
594
593
592
591
590
589
588
587
586      Ankhenesneferibre, daughter of Psamtik II, ca. 586-525 B.C.E.,  International Museum of Nubia, Aswan    (Photo:  Jon Campana, 2004, Wikipedia)
585
584
583
582
581
580      Kouros, ca. 580 B.C.E., from Ptoon, Boeotia,  National Archaeological Mus eum, Athens
579
578
577
576
575      Apries, 4th Pharaoh of the 26th Dynasty, reigned 589-570 B.C.E.,  Location TBD  (Photo: Keith Schengili-Roberts, 2007, Wikipedia)  
            A Man,  early 6th cent. B.C.E.,  from Idalion, Cyprus,   The British Museum, London, AN259247001  (British Museum Website Photo)   
            A Bearded Youth, ca. early 6th century B.C.E., National Archaeological Museum of Athens, 1832 
574
573
572
571
570      Amasis II, 5th Pharaoh of the 26th Dynasty,  reigned 570-526 B.C.E., Altes Museum, Berlin
            Amasis II, 5th Pharaoh of the 26th Dynasty,  reigned 570-526 B.C.E.,    The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, MD
            A masis II Sphinx, 5th Pharaoh of the 26th Dynasty,  reigned 570-526 B.C.E., Capitoline Museum, Rome
            Moschophoros, Calfbearer, ca. 570 BCE,  Acropolis, Athens,  Acropolis Museum,  624   (Photo: Marsyas, 2005, WKP)
569
568
567
566
565
564
563
562
561
560      An Attic Youth, ca. 560 B.C.E., found at Ateleusis (Pupil of Rampin Master)     National Archaeological Museum, Athens,    61
559
558
557
556      Nabodinus, last king of Neo-Babylonian Empire, reigned 556-539 B.C.E.,  The British Museum, London     (Photo: Jona Iendering, Wikipedia)
555
554
553
552
551
550      A Cavalier from east of the Erechtheion, Acropolis, Athens, ca. 550 B.C.E.,  Musée du Louvre, Paris   (Photo:  Daniel Lebée et Carine Deambrosis, Louvre)
            Kouros, marble, ca. 550 BCE,  from the Sacred Way at Didyma,  The British Museum, GR 1874.7-25.1,  Sculpture B283 (Photo:  Pymouss, 2014, Wikipedia) 
549
548
547
546
545       Lyons Kore, wearing himation and chiton, ca. 540's BCE,  Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon,  H1993  (Photo: Jastrow, 2008,  Wikipedia)
544
543
542
541
540
539
538
537
536
535
534
533
532
531
530      Head of Sphinx, ca. 540-520 B.C.E., Corinthian,    Musée du Louvre, Paris,  CA 657  (Photo: Museum Website)
            An Ionian Woman, protome, ca. 530 B.C.E.,    Musée du Louvre, Paris,  AM 407   (Photo: Museum Website)
529
528
527
526
525      Piraeus Apollo, ca. 530-520 B.C.E., Archaeological Museum, Piraeus   (Photo: Giovanni Dall'Orto, Wikipedia)  
            A Bearded Man, aka the Sabouroff Head,  originally from Athens or Aegina, ca. 550-525 BCE,   Altes Museum, Berlin
524
523
522
521
520      Head of a Young Man, ca. 520 B.C.E.,    Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen
            Kore, ca. 530-520,    Acropolis Museum, Athens,    Inv. 680
519
518
517
516
515
514
513
512
511
510      An Etruscan Couple, ca. 520-510 B.C.E.,    Musée du Louvre, Paris
509
508
507
506
505
504
503
502
501
500      A Persian Noblewoman from Persepolis, ca. 500 B.C.E., Archaeological Museum, Tehran
            An Etruscan Woman, antefix from Cerveteri,  ca. 500 B.C.E.,  The British Museum, London     (Photo: Pax Vobiscum, 2010, Wikipedia)
            An Etruscan Woman, antefix, ca. 500 B.C.E.,    Musée du Louvre, Paris,   CP 5164  (Photo:  Hervé Lewandowski, 1990, Louvre)
499
498
497
496
495
494
493
492
491
490
489
488
487
486
485
484
483
482
481
480      A Persian Guardsman, ca. 480 B.C.E., from Persepolis, Iran         Cincinatti Art Museum, OH,  1961.288
            Kritios Boy, ca. 480 B.C.E., parian marble,  Acropolis Museum, Athens,  INV. 698
479
478
477
476
475      A Delphic Charioteer, ca. 480-470 B.C.E.,   Archaeological Museum of Delphi       (Photo:  David Monniaux, 2004, Wikipedia)
474
473
472
471
470
469
468
467
466
465
464
463
462
461
460       Wounded Warrior, ca. 460-450 BCE,  Antonine Roman copy of Greek bronze original,  138-191 CE,  The Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY,   25.116
             Motya Charioteer, ca. 460-440 BCE,  excavated at Mozia, Italy, 1979,  Museo Giuseppe Whitaker, Mozia

459
458
457
456
455
454
453
452
451
450       A Wounded Amazon Warrior, ca. 450-425 B.C.E,  Roman copy of bronze orig.,  ca. 1st-2nd cent. CE,  The Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY, 32.11.4
448
447
446
445
444
443
442
441
440
439
438
437
436
435
434
433
432      Tete d’Iris, ca. 432 B.C.E., from the Parthenon, Athens, Musée du Louvre, Paris
431
430      Diadoumenos, ca. 430 BCE  (Polykleitos) Roman marble copy after Greek bronze original, Flavian, ca. 69-96 CE     The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,   25.78.56
            Diadoumenos, ca. 430 BCE  (Polykleitos) Roman marble copy after Greek original,   National Archaeological Museum, Athens  (Photo: Ricardo André Frantz : 2006, WKP)
            Athena, ca. 430 BCE (after Phidias) Roman copy after Greek original , Antonine, 138-192 CE,  The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,  2007.293,  (photo: Met)
429
428
427
426
425       A Youth, ca. 425 BCE,  Greek bronze original,   The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,   29.48  (Photo:  Met Website)
424
423
422
421
420
419
418
417
416
415
414
413
412
411
410
409
408
407
406
405
404
403
402
401
400
399
398
397
396
395
394
393
392
391
390
389
388
387
386
385
384
383
382
381
380
379
378
377
376
375
374
373
372
371
370
369
368
367
366
365
364
363
362
361
360
359
358
357
356
355
354
353
352
351
350      An Egyptian Priest, ca. 350 B.C.E.,  The Metropolitan Museum, New York, NY,  1989.281.102
            Abduction of Persephone by Hades, floor mosaic in 2nd chamber of Amphipolis tomb ,  Greece, ca. 350-320 BCE
349
348
347
346
345       Apollo Sauroktonos, copy after bronze original ca. 350-340 BCE (Praxiteles) (fl. 375-335 BCE) Roman marble copy ca. 1st-2nd-cent CE, Musée du Louvre,   MR 78, Ma 441 
344
343
342
341
340
339
338
337
336
335
334
333
332      A Man, ca. 332-330 B.C.E.,   The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,  26.7.1417
331
330
329
328
327
326
325      A Boy, ca. 325-300 B.C.E., from the Temple of Apollo Hylates at Kourion,  Cyprus,   The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,  74.51.7452
324
323      Alexander the Great and Hephaestion, ca. 320 B.C.E., model by Lysippus,    J. Paul Getty Villa, Malibu, CA
            Philip III Arrhidaeus, reigned 323-317 B.C.E.,   Amphipolis Mint,         Classical Numismatic Group, Lancaster, PA   915422
322
321
320      A Man, ca. 320 B.C.E.,     Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, MD,  23..239 
319
318
317      Persephone, Koras,   reign of Agathokles, Tyrant of Syracuse, reigned 317-289 B.C.E.,    Classical Numismatic Group,  Sale 76, Lot 169 
316
315
314
313
312
311
310
309
308
307
306      Antigonus I Monophthalmus, founder of Antigonid Dynasty, reigned 306-301 B.C.E.,     The British Museum, London
            Lysimachus, King of Macedon, reigned ca. 306-281,     Efes Müzesi,   Selçuk
            Lysimachus, King of Macedon, reigned ca. 306-281,     The British Museum, London
            Lysimachus, King of Macedon, reigned ca. 306-281,     The British Museum, London   (photo:PHGCOM, Wikipedia)
305      Ptolemy I Soter, King of Egypt, reigned 305-282 B.C.E.,    Musée du Louvre, Paris,     Ma849
304
303
302
301
300
299
298
297      Phyrrus, King of Epirus, 2nd Reign 297-272 B.C.E.,       Museo archaeologico nazionale de Napoli   (Photo: catalaon, 2008, Wikipedia)
296
295
294      Demetrius I, King of Macedon, reigned 294-288 B.C.E.,  The British Museum,  London
            Demetrius I, King of Macedon, reigned 294-288 B.C.E.,  Location TBD
293
292
291
290
289
288
287
286
285      A Diadochi Prince, ca. 290-285 B.C.E.,  Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
            Ptolemy II Philadelphus and Arsinoe II, reigned 285-246 B.C.E.,       Pergamonmuseum, Berlin    (Photo: Matthias Kabel, Wikipedia)
284
283      Ptolemy II Philadelphos, King of Egypt, reigned 283-246 B.C.E.,   Musei Vaticani, Roma 
            Ptolemy II Philadelphos, possibly, ca. 285-246 B.C.E.,   The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,  12.187.31  (Photo: Museum Website)
282
281
280      Demosthenes,  Greek original ca. 280 BCE (Polyeuktos)  Roman marble copy,   NY Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen
279
278
277      Antigonus Gonatus, founder of the Anigonid Dynasty in Macedon, reigned 277-239 B.C.E.,   The British Museum, London (Photo: Uploadalt, Wikipedia)
276
275      Philetairos, Ruler of Pergamon, reigned ca. 280-263,  marble herm, Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli (inv. 6148)
274
273
272
271
270      Hieron II, King of Syracuse, ca. 270-215 B.C.E., (struck ca. 240-218 B.C.E.),      Classical Numismatic Group, Sale 76, Lot 177
269
268
267
266
265
264
263      Eumenes I, King of Pergamon, 263-241 B.C.E.,     The British Museum, London
262
261
260
259
258
257
256
255      Diodotus I, Seleucid King, reigned ca. 255-239 B.C.E.,     Cabinet des Medailles, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris (Photo: World Imaging, 2006, Wikipedia)
254
253
252
251
250      A Ptolemaic Queen, ca. 250 B.C.E.,     The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY  
249
248
247
246      Ptolemy III, King of Egypt, reigned 246-222 B.C.E.,     The British Museum, London   CM  BMC 103   (Photo: Jastrow, 2006, Wikipedia)
245
244
243
242
241      Attalus I, King of Pergamon, reigned 241-197 B.C.E., Pergamonmuseum, Berlin  
240      A Philosopher, possibly Bion, from the Antikythera shipwreck, National Archaeological Museum of Athens,  X 13400  (Photo: Unknown)
239
238
237
236
235
234
233
232
231
230      Euthydemus I, Greco-Bactrian King, reigned ca. 230-200 B.C.E.,    The British Museum, London    (Photo by: PHGCOM, Wikipedia)
            Euthydemus I, Greco-Bactrian King, reigned ca. 230-200 B.C.E., Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothéque nationale de France, Paris (Photo: World Imaging,  2006, Wikipedia)
            Euthydemus I, Greco-Bactrian King, reigned ca. 230-200 B.C.E., Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothéque nationale de France, Paris (Photo: World Imaging,  2006, Wikipedia)
229
228      Prusias I, King of Bithynia,  reigned ca. 228-182 B.C.E.,    The British Museum, London  (Photo: PHGCOM, Wikipedia)
227
226
225      Seleucus III, reigned ca. 225-223 B.C.E.,     The British Museum, London
224
223
222      Antiochus III "the Great", 6th Seleucid King, reigned 222-187 B.C.E.,      Musée du Louvre, Paris
            Antiochus III "the Great", 6th Seleucid King, reigned 222-187 B.C.E.,  ("struck after 197 B.C.E.")    Classical Numismatic Group, Lancaster, PA
            Antiochus III "the Great", 6th Seleucid King, reigned 222-187 B.C.E.,     The British Museum, London   (Photo: Uploadalt, Wikipedia)
            Antiochus III "the Great", (or Prusias I?)    The British Museum, London       (Photo: PHGCOM, Wikipedia)
221      Philip V, King of Macedon, reigned 221-179 B.C.E.,     The British Museum, London  (Photo: PHGCOM, 2009, Wikipedia)
            Philip V, King of Macedon, reigned 221-179 B.C.E.,      Location TBD
220
219
218      Hannibal Barca, Carthaginian General, ca. 247-182 B.C.E.,  Location TBD
            Hasdrubal Barca, younger brother of Hannibal, ca. 245-207 B.C.E.,      Location TBD
217
216
215
214
213
212
211
210      An Officer of the Qin Army (one of 8000 figures) , ca. 210 BCE,   Lintong District, Xi'an, Shaanxi    (Photo:  Tor Svensson, 2006, Wikipedia)
209
208
207
206
205
204      Arsinoe III, Queen of Egyptca.  220-204 B.C.E.,   Pergamonmuseum,  Berlin
            A Woman, possiblyArsinoe III, ca.  220-204 B.C.E.,      Seattle Art Museum, WA 
            Ptolemy V, King of Egypt, reigned 204-181 B.C.E.,    The British Museum, London, Room 22   (Photo: Jastrow, 2006, Wikipedia)
            Scipio Africanus, lived 236-183 B.C.E.,  ring from Capua signed by Herakleides,    Location TBD
203
202
201
200      Demetrius I, Greco-Bactrian King, reigned ca. 200-180 B.C.E., The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY      (Photo: Uploadalt, 2008, Wikipedia) 
            Demetrius I, Greco-Bactrian King, reigned ca. 200-180 B.C.E.,  The British Museum, London    (Photo: PHGCOM, 2009, Wikipedia)
            Demetrius I, Greco-Bactrian King, reigned ca. 200-180 B.C.E.,  The British Museum, London    (Photo: PHGCOM, 2009, Wikipedia)
            Demetrius I, Greco-Bactrian King, reigned ca. 200-180 B.C.E.,  The British Museum, London 
            Quinctius Flaminus, Roman  General, ca. 204-197 B.C.E.,     The British Museum, London    (Photo: PHGCOM, 2009, Wikipedia)
            A Young Child, ca. 200 B.C.E.,   The Metropolitan Museum of Art,  New York, NY,   1972.118.113
199      Demetrius I, Greco-Bactrian King, reigned ca. 200-180 B.C.E.,     Location TBD     (Photo: World Imaging, Wikipedia)
198
197      Eumenes II, King of Pergamon, reigned 197-159 B.C.E.,     Heiropolis Archaeology  Museum, Pamukkale Turkey  (Photo: Jose Luis Bernardes, 2011, Wikipedia)   
196
195
194
193
192
191
190      Pantaleon, Greco-Bactrian King, reigned ca. 190-180 B.C.E.,   Location TBD
            Pantaleon, Greco-Bactrian King, reigned ca. 190-180 B.C.E.,   Location TBD
            Agathokles Dikaios, King of Bactria, ca. 190-180, B.C.E.,       (Photo: Classical Numismatic Group, PA)
189
188
187
186
185      Scipio Africanus, Roman General 236-183 B.C.E., found at Herculanum,  Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli    (Photo: Massimo Finizio, Wikipedia) 
184
183
182
181
180      Apollodotus I, Indo-Greek King, reigned ca. 180-165 B.C.E.,        (Photo: Classical Numismatic Group, Lancaster, PA)
179      Perseus of Macedon, last Antigonid ruler, reigned ca. 179-166 B.C.E,     The British Museum, London     (photo:PHGCOM, Wikipedia)
            Perseus of Macedon, last Antigonid ruler, reigned ca. 179-166 B.C.E,     The British Museum, London
178
177
176
175      Antiochus IV Epiphanes, Seleucid King, reigned ca. 175-164 B.C.E.,     Location TBD   (Photo: Wikipedia)
            Antiochus IV Epiphanes, Seleucid King, reigned ca. 175-164 B.C.E.,     Altes Museum, Berlin    (Photo: Jniemenmaa, 2009, Wikipedia)
            Marsyas, ca. 200-150,  Roman copy of Greek original, Istanbul Archaeological Museums, Inv.  400T,   (Photo: Sandstein, 2010, Wikipedia)
174
173
172
171      Eucratides, King of Bactria, reigned ca. 171-145 B.C.E.,    Cabinet des Medailles, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris  (Photo: World Imaging, 2006, Wikipedia)
            Eucratides, King of Bactria, reigned ca. 171-145 B.C.E.,    Location TBD   (Photo: Rani Nurmai, Wikipedia)
            Eucratides, King of Bactria, reigned ca. 171-145 B.C.E.,    Cabinet des Medailles, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris  (Photo: World Imaging, 2006, Wikipedia)
170
169
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164      Antiochus V, Seleucid King, reigned 164-161 B.C.E.      (Photo: Classical Numismatic Group, Lancaster, PA)
163
162
161
160      Ptolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt, reigned ca. 180-145 B.C.E.,    Musée du Louvre, Paris,  Bj 1092 (Photo: PHGCOM, 2009,  Wikipedia)  
            Ptolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt, reigned ca. 180-145 B.C.E.,    Musée du Louvre, Paris  (Photo: PHGCOM, 2009,  Wikipedia)   
            Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Physcon, ca. 165-160 B.C.E., younger brother of Ptolemy VI,      Location TBD
159
158
157
156
155
154
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152
151
150      Alexander I Balas, Seleucid King, reigned ca. 150-146 B.C.E.,         The British Museum, London
            Cleopatra II or III, ca. 160-140 B.C.E.,     Musée du Louvre, Paris   Ma 3546  (Photo: Jastrow, 2011, Wikipedia)
            Cleopatra Thea and Alexander I Balas, ca. 150-146 B.C.E,       The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY   (Photo: PHGCOM, Wikipedia)
            Cleopatra Thea and Alexander I Balas, ca. 150-146 B.C.E,       The British Museum, London   (Photo: Uploadalt, Wikipedia)
            A Egyptian Woman, ca 150 B.C.E,  Seattle Art Museum,  WA  57.172  (Photo:  Museum Website)
            A Man, possibly Attalos II, ca. 150 BCE,  National Archaeological Museum, Athens (Photo: Giovanni dall'Orto, 2009, Wikipedia)
149      Nicomedes II, King of Bithynia, reigned 149-ca. 127 B.C.E.,      The British Museum, London 
148
147
146
145      Ptolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt, reigned ca. 180-145 B.C.E.,      The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY   (Photo:PHGCOM, 2006, Wikipedia)
144
143
142
141
140
139
138      Phraates II, King of Parthia, reigned  138-128 B.C.E.,    from Seleucia Mint on Tigris,   Location TBD
            Attalos II or III, from the Theatre at Pergamon, ca. 150-125 BCE,  Staatliche Museen Berlin,  Antikensammlung  (Photo:  Marcus Cyron, 2007, Wikipedia)
137
136
135      An Etruscan Woman, ca. 150-120 B.C.E.,     Badisches Landesmuseum Karslruhe    (Photo: Thomas Ihle, Wikipedia)   
134
133
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129      Demetrius II, Seleucid King, 2nd reign, 129-126 B.C.E.,      The British Museum, London  
128      Alexander II Zabinas, Seleucid usurper, reigned ca. 128-123 B.C.E.,    Location TBD 
127
126
125      Antiochus VIII Grypus, Seleucid King, reigned 125-96 B.C.E.,     Cabinet des Medailles, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris  (Photo: PHGCOM, Wikipedia) 
            Antiochus VIII Grypus, Seleucid King, reigned 125-96 B.C.E.,     The British Museum, London
            Cleopatra Thea, Seleucid ruler of Syria , reigned 125-121 B.C.E.,    The British Museum, London 
124
123      Mithridates II, King of Parthia, ca. 123-88 B.C.E.   (Photo: Classical Numismatic Group, Lancaster, PA)
122
121
120
119
118
117
116      Ptolemy IX  Soter Lathyros, King of Egypt, ca. 1st reign, 116-110 B.C.E.,  Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA,    59.51  (Photo:  Keith Schengili Roberts, Wikipedia)
115
114      Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, Seleucid co-ruler, 114-96 B.C.E.,     The British Museum, London
113
112
111
110
109
108
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105
104      Lucius Appuleius Saturninus, Roman Quaestor, 104 B.C.E., Rome Mint  (Photo: Classical Numismatic Group, Lancaster, PA)
103
102
101
100      A Woman, ca. 100 B.C.E.,   Museo di Capodimonte, Napoli
99
98      A Ptolemaic Ruler, perhaps Apion, King of Cyrene, ca. 98 B.C.E.,  The British Museum, London,  1861  (Photo: Marie-Lan Nguyen, 2011, Wikipedia) 
97
96      Seleucus VI Epiphanes Nikator ruler of Seleucid Kingdom, reigned 96-95 B.C.E.,    Location TBD
95      Tigranes the Great, King of Armenia, reigned  95-55 B.C.E.,      Location TBD
94
93
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89
88
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70      Pompey,  ca. 70 B.C.E,  Musée du Louvre, Paris, Ma 999  (Photo:  Hervé Lewandowski)
69
68
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66
65
64
63
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57
56      Faustus Cornelius Sulla, Quaestor, 56 B.C.E., Rome Mint   (Photo: Classical  Numismatic Group, Lancaster, PA) 
55      Marcus Licinius Crassus, ca. 55 B.C.E.,    Musée du Louvre, Paris   (Photo: cjh1452000, Wikipedia)
54
53
52
51
50      A Man, ca. 50 B.C.E., Julio-Claudian Period,     The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY    12.233    (Photo:  Museum Website)
          Philetairos, ca. 50 B.C.E., Christie's Auction House, Sale 2565,  8 June, 2012    (Photo:  Christie's)
          A Man, ca. 1st cent. B.C.E.,  The British Museum,  London,  1898  (Photo: Museum Website) 
          A Priest, ca. 50-25 B.C.E., found in Athens, National Archaeological Museum, Athens,  351  (Photo:  Museum Website)
49
48      Pompey the Great, ca. 48 B.C.E.,        Glyptothek, Munich   (Photo: Gunnar Bach Pedersen, 2006, Wikipedia)
47      Cleopatra VII Philopater, last pharoah of Egypt, reigned 51-30 B.C.E.,         Altes Museum, Berlin  
          Cleopatra VII Philopater, last pharoah of Egypt, reigned 51-30 B.C.E.,   State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
46      Juba I, King of Numidia, reigned ca. 85-46 B.C.E.,   from Cæsarea,   Musée du Louvre, Paris,  Ma  1885  (Photo: ChrisO, 2004, Wikipedia)
45
44      Dynamis (daughter of Pharnaces II) Queen of Pontus, 44-17 B.C.E.,      State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
          Julius Caesar,  Roman Dictoator, ruled 49-44 B.C.E.,   (the so-called Tusculum Portrait),      Location TBD         (photo:Tataryn77, Wikipedia)
43
42      Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger, conspirator against Julius Caesar, lived 85-42 B.C.E.,  Location TBD
41
40      A Man, Late Roman Republic,  Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, MA     (Photo: Joseph Brummer)
          A Matron,  ca. 40 B.C.E,    Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien     ANSA_I_145 
39
38
37
36
35      A Man (probably Sextus Pompeius), ca. 35 B.C.E.,   State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersberg, Russia
          A Woman playing the Kithara, ca. 40-30 B.C.E.  wall fresco from Room H of the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale,  Late Republican
          A Woman and Man seated side by side, ca. 40-30 B.C.E.  wall fresco from Room H of the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale,  Late Republican
34      Octavian, Triumvir, ca. 35-34 B.C.E.,  found in Illyricum,         (Photo:  Classical Numismatic Group, Lancaster PA) 
33
32
31      Livia Drusilla, wife of Emperor Augustus,    ca. 37-31 B.C.E.,   Walters Art Center, Baltimore    (Photo: Joseph Brummer)
          Livia Drusilla, wife of Emperor Augustus, ca.  31-1 B.C.E.,  The British Museum, London,   1856   (Photo: Museum Website)
30      Mark Antony, lived 83-30 B.C.E.,  Musei Vaticani, Roma
29      Octavian (Augustus), Roman Emperor, reigned 27 B.C.E.-14 C.E.,   Musei Capitolini, Roma
28
27
26
25      A Woman, ca. 25 B.C.E.,  from the Licinian Tomb,   Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen
          A Man, ca. 25 B.C.E.,  from the Licinian Tomb,   Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen
          A  Boy,  ca. 25 B.C.E.,  from the Licinian Tomb,   Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen
          Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, ca. 25-24 B.C.E.,    Musée du Louvre, Paris,    Ma 1208    (photo: Jastrow, Wikipedia)
24
23
22
21
20      Augustus, Roman Emperor, reigned 27 B.C.E.-14 C.E.,     Musei Capitolini, Roma
          Augustus (from Bevilacqua), Roman Emperor, reigned 27 B.C.E.-14 C.E.,  Glyptothek, Munich
          Augustus,  Roman Emperor, reigned 27 B.C.E.-14 C.E.,  Walters Art Center, Baltimore
          A ugustus  (from Faiyum), Roman Emperor, reigned 27 B.C.E.-14 C.E.,   Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen
19
18
17
16      A Young Woman, ca. late 1st cent. B.C.E. (signed by Solon),    The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,  1997.184 
15
14
13
12
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10      A Priest of Isis, late 1st century B.C.E., Museo Nazionale Romano, Palazzo Massimo, Roma  (Photo: Nick in exsilio, 2011, Flickr)
          A Man, ca 30-10 B.C.E.,  The British Museum, London, 1824   (Photo: Museum Website)
9
8
7
6
5       Lucius or Gaius, grandson of Augustus, ca. 5 B.C.E.,  State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
         Young Boy from the family of Augustus, ca. 5 B.C.E., State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
4
3
2
1      Tiberius, Roman Emperor, regned 14 C.E.-37,   Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek Copenhagen
        Tiberius, Roman Emperor, regned 14 C.E.-37,  State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
        Tiberius, Roman Emperor, regned 14 C.E.-37, Musée du Louvre, Paris
        Germanicus, ca. 1 B.C.E.,  The  British Museum, London
        Lucius Calpurnius Piso, ca. 1 B.C.E.,   Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli  
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1     
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14      Augustus (Octavian), Roman Emperor, ca. 14-37,        The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY   07.286.115
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25      A Woman, ca. 25,    State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
26      A Young Man, ca. 26,  Indianapolis Museum of Art, IN,   59.45 
27
28
29
30      A Man, ca. 20-30   Glyptothek, München    (Photo: Bibi St. Paul, 2/8/07, Wikipedia)
          A Woman and Man, ca. 20-30,  from the House of T Terentius Neo,  Pompeii Reg Vii, Ins 2, 6,    Museo archeologico nazionale, Napoli, Inv. 9058
31
32
33      Agrippina the Elder, mother of Caligula, ca. 17-33,       Musei Capitolini, Roma
34
35
36
37      Livia, wife of Augustus, ca. 37            Capitoline Museum, Roma
38
39
40
41      Caligula, Roman Emperor, reigned 37-41,   Musée du  Louvre, Paris
          Caligula, Roman Emperor,   reigned 37-41,        Getty Villa,  Malibu, CA
          Caligula, Roman Emperor, reigned 37-43,   Caesarea Paneas Mint,     (photo: Classical Numismatic Group, Lancaster, PA) 
42      Herod Agrippa I, King of the Jews, reigned 41-44,   Casaerea Maritime Mint    (photo: Classical Numismatic Group, Lancaster PA)
43
44      A Young Man, ca. 40-44,   Musée du Louvre, Paris,    MR603  (Photo: Louvre Website)
45
46
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48
49
50      A Priest of Isis, ca. 50,  Dallas Museum of Art, TX   (Photo: mhaarsch, Flickr)
51
52
53      Caius Coelius Caldus, Roman consul in 53 C.E., AR Rome Mint,  (Photo:  Classical Numismatic Group, 920691)
54      Claudius, Roman Emperor, reigned  41-54,   Museo Arqueológico Nacional de España, Madrid    (Photo: zaqarbal )
          Claudius, Roman Emperor, reigned  41-54,     Seattle Art Museum, WA, 93.6
55
56
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60      Docta Puella, "Studious Girl"   "Sappho Portrait" , ca. 60,  Fourth Style, from Pompeii,   Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli,   Inv. 9084
61
62
63
64
65      Seneca, ca. 65,   Antikensammlungen, Berlin 
66
67
68      Nero,  Roman Emperor, reigned 54-68      State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg,  Russia
          Nero,  Roman Emperor, reigned 54-68   Museo Palatino, Roma   (Photo: !STORAX, Flickr)
          Nero, Roman Emperor, reigned 54-68,   Museo Palatino, Roma
          Nero, Roman Emperor, reigned 54-68,  Musei Capitolini, Roma
69      Galba,  Roman Emperor, reigned 69, Antiques Palace, Royal Palace, Stockholm            (Photo:Woflgang Stauber) 
          Otho,  Roman Emperor, reigned 69, Musei Capitolini, Roma
          Vitellius, Roman Emperor, reigned 69,   Musei Capitolini, Roma   (Photo;Louis Garcia, 2008, Wikipedia) 
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79      Vespasian, Roman Emperor, reigned 69-79,  Musei Capitolini, Roma   Albani Collection
          Vespasian, Roman Emperor, reigned 69-79,  Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen    
          Vespasian, Roman Emperor, reigned 69-79,  Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli   (Photo: Marie-lan Nguyen, 2011, Wikipedia)    
80
81      Titus, Roman Emperor, reigned 79-81,    Musei Capitolini, Roma
          Titus, Roman Emperor, reigned 79-81,    Location TBD
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90      Domitian, Roman mperor, reigned 81-96,   Palazzo dei Conservatori, Roma   (Photo: Jastrow, 2006, Wikipedia) 
          Domitia Longina , wife of Domitian, ca. 90 C.E.,  Musée du Louvre, Paris,  MA 1193    (Photo: Clio20, 2006, Wikipedia)
91      Julia Flavia, Daughter of Titus, ca. 91,          State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
92
93
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95      Cominia Tyche, ca. 95,    The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY  38.27   (Photo: Self)
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100      A Woman, early second century C.E., ("Fonseca Bust"),  Musei Capitolini, Roma,  Inv. MC0434   (Photo: Museum Website)
101
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105      A Woman, ca. 98-117 C.E.,  Musée du Louvre, Paris,  CP 6451  (Photo: Museum Website)
106
107
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109
110      A Man, ca. 110,  Glyptothek, Munich (Room 11)
            A Man, ca. 110-120,   Glyptothek, Munich (Room 11)
            A Lictor, early 2nd century C.E., State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
            A Young Man, early 2nd century C.E., State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
            A Woman, possibly Marciana Augusta, ca. 110, found at Porta Portese, The British Museum, London, 1879.0712.17 
            A Boy, possibly Berber, from the Temple of Aphrodite, Cyrene,  ca. 110-120 C.E.,  The British Museum, London, 1861.1127.57  
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112      Salonina Matidia, niece of Emperor Trajan, ca. 112,  Musée du Louvre, Paris, Ma 1196 (MR 563)  (Photo: Clio20, 2006, Wikipedia)
113
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117      Trajan, Roman Emperor, reigned 98-117,   Musei Capitolini, Roma
            Trajan, Roman Emperor, reigned 98-117,   Glyptothek, Munich,    found in Ostia 1803
            Trajan, Roman Emperor, reigned 98-117, ca. 98-117     Glyptothek, Munich
            Trajan, Roman Emperor, reigned 98-117,   Ny Carlsberg Glyptothek, Copenhagen
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125      A Young Man from Gaul, ca. 125 C.E.,  The British Museum, London,   1805
            A Woman, possibly Sabina, wife of Hadrian, ca. 120-130 C.E., Musée du Louvre, Paris,  MNE 794    (Photo:  Hervé Lewandowski)
126
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128      A Young Woman, ca, 117-138 C.E., (bust is modern) , Musée du Louvre, Paris,  MR 507,  (Photo: Museum Website)
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135      Antinous, ca. 135   Glyptothek, Munich     (photo: Bibi St. Pol, Wikipedia)
136
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138      Hadrian, Roman Emperor, reigned 117-138,  Palazzo dei Conservatori, main stairs, first landing   Capitoline Museum
            Hadrian, Roman Emperor, reigned 117-138,   National Archaeological Museum of Athens
            Hadrian, Roman Emperor, reigned 117-138, State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg,  Russia
            Marcus Aurelius on his adoption by Antonius Pius, ca. 138,   Location TBD  
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140      Faustina Major, wife of Antoninus Pius, ca 141,  Sala Rotonda, Museo Pio-Clementino, Roma (Photo: Giovanni Dall'Orto, 2011, Wikipedia)
            Matidia, ca. 148,   Musei Capitolini, Roma, MC0440     (Photo: Museum Website)
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150      A Woman, ca. 150,    Musei Capitolini, Roma
            A Husband  and Wife, ca. 150,   Walters Art Center, Baltimore, MD
            A Man, ca. 138-150    Walters Art Center,  Baltimore, MD, 23.66
            A Bearded Man, ca. 150-175,   The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,        1998.209
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156      A Bearded Man, possibly Antoninus Pius, ca, 140-160 C.E.,  The British Museum, 1878.0506.1 (Photo: Museum Website)
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161      Antoninus Pius, Roman Emperor, reigned 138-161,   Musei Capitolini, Roma,   Albani Collection
            Antoninus Pius, Roman Emperor, reigned 138-161,  Glyptothek, Munich
            Faustina Major, wife of Antoninus Pius,  138-161,    Musei Capitolini, Roma Albani Collection
            Lucius Verus, co-Emperor with Marcus Aurelius, 161-169,    State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
162
163
164      Flavius Agricola (Epicurian), ca. 164   Indianapolis Museum of Art, IN,   72.148 
165      Lucilla, wife of Lucius Verus ca. 165,  Musei Capitolini, Roma Centrale Montemartini,  MC inv. 2766.   (Photo: !STORAX, Flickr)
166
167
168
169      Lucius Verus,  Roman co-Emperor, 161-169   Palazzo Mattei, Rome,  Papal and Townley Collections GR 1805.7-3.103 
            Lucius Verus,  Roman co-Emperor, 161-169,   State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia 
170      A  Syrian Woman, ca. 160-170,  State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
            Herodes Atticus, ca. 150-177, found in Kiphisia, Attica,   National Archaeological Museum, Athens,  4810 (Photo: Museum Website)
            Polydeukes, ca. 150-177, found in Kiphisia, Attica,   National Archaeological Museum, Athens,  4811  (Photo: Museum Website)
            Polydeukes, ca. 150-177 Altes Museum, Berlin  (Photo: Ophelia2, Wikipedia)
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175      Aqmat, daughter of Hagagu, descendant of Zebida, descendant of Ma'an, Palmyrian,  ca. 175, The British Museum, London,   1908
            Faustina the Younger, wife of Marcus Aurelius, ca. 175 C.E.,  Musée du Louvre, Paris,   CP 6446
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180      Marcus Aurelius, Roman Emperor, reigned 161-180, Musei Capitolini, Roma, Albani Collection,  MC0448 (Photo: Museum Website)
            Marcus Aurelius, Roman Emperor, reigned 161-180,    Walters Art Center, Baltimore
            Marcus Aurelius, Roman Emperor, reigned 161-180, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien,   Inv.-Nr. ANSA_I_13 
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190      Commodus, Roman Emperor, reigned 180-192, (Type 5),  J. Paul Getty Museum          (Photo: Getty Images)
            Commodus, Roman Emperor, reigned 180-192,  Glyptothek, Munich Room 11  
            Commodus, Roman Emperor, reigned 180-192,  Glyptothek, Munich Room 11   
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193      Pertinax, Roman Emperor in 193, Musei Vaticani, Roma
            A Roman General, possibly Pertinax, Roman Emperor in 193, Alba Iulia Museum of the Union, Romania  (Photo: Codrin B., 2011, modified, Wikipedia) 
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196      Clodius Albinus, usurper of the Roman Empire,  ca. 193-196,   Museo del Prado, Madrid,  E00187
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200      Severan Tondo, ca. 200  Antikensammlung Berlin, Inv. 31329
            Caracalla, future Roman Emperor, ca. 200, State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg  
            A Man, possibly Septimus Severus, ca. 200 C.E.,  The British Museum, London,  1879.0712.18  (Photo: Museum Website)
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210      Septimius Severus, Roman Emperor , reigned 193-211, ca. 200-210,     Musei Capitolini, Roma
            Julia Domna, wife of Septimus Severus, ca. 193-210    Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien,  Inv.-Nr. ANSA_I_147
            A Woman, early 3rd century C.E.,  Musei Vaticani, Roma     (photo: !STORAX, Flickr)
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217      Caracalla, Roman Emperor,  211-217,  Musei Capitolini, Roma
            Caracalla, Roman Emperor,  reigned 211-217,      Location TBD 
            Caracalla, Roman Emperor, reigned  211-217,    The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY 
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220      Julia Soaemias, mother of Elagabalus, ca. 220 C.E., denarius,  (Photo: wildwinds.com )
221      Elagabalus, Roman Emperor, reigned 218-222,  Musei Capitolini, Roma
            A Young Man, possibly Elagabalus,     Musei Capitolini, Centrale Montemartini, inv. no. 1748; Helbig4 1627     
222      Alexander Severus, Roman Emperor, reigned 222-235 C.E.,   Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,  2011.87
            Alexander Severus, Roman Emperor, reigned 222-235 C.E.,  Musei Capitolini, Roma,   471   
            Alexander Severus, Roman Emperor, reigned 222-235 C.E.,    from Ostia Antica Round Temple,      Museo Nazionale Romano, Palazzo Massimo, Roma 
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225      Julia Mamaea, mother of Alexander Severus, ca. 225,   The British Museum, London  1873.0820.733  (Photo: Museum Website) 
            Julia Mamaea, mother of Alexander Severus, ca. 225-230 C.E.,  Musée du Louvre, Paris,   Ma 3552  (Photo: Thierry Ollivier)
            A Woman, ca. 225, Musei Capitolini, Roma,  Albani Collection
            A Woman, ca. 225,  Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen   (Photo: Martinetti)
            A  Roman Man, ca. 225,     The State Hermitage, St. Petersburg       (Photo: thisisbossi, Flickr)
            A Man, ca. 225,   The British Museum, London
            A Man, Cyrene, ca. 225   The British Museum, London, 1867
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231      Haliphat, dated 231 C.E., from Palmyra,  Freer/Sackler Gallery of Art,  Washington, D.C., F1908.236    (Photo:  Museum Website) 
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235      Maximus Thrax, Emperor, reigned 235-238, Musei Capitolini, Roma,  473,   Albani Collection 
            A Young Man, possibly Gaius Maximus, son of  Maximus Thrax, ca. 235,   Musei Capitolini, Roma,  MC474.(photo: !STORAX, Flickr)
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238      Balbinus, opposition co-Emperor to Maximus Thrax, ca. 238,          The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
            A Man, possibly Balbinus,  Palatine Museum, Roma,  inv.12448
            Balbinus, ca. 238   (Photo: Classical Numismatic Group, Lancaster, PA)
            Pupiuenus, opposition co-Emperor to Maximus Thrax, ca. 238,  Musei Capitolini, Roma,  477,  Albani Collection
            Gordian I, Roman Emperor, ca. 238,Musei Capitolini, Roma,  475    Albani Collection
            Gordian II, Roman Emperor ca. 238,    (Photo: Classical Numismatic Group, Lancaster, PA)
            Gordian III, Roman Emperor, ca. 238,  Musée du Louvre, Paris, Ma 1063 (MR 513)  Borghese Collection   
239
240      A Roman Woman , ca. 235-240, Musée du Louvre, Paris   (Photo: !STORAX, Flickr)
            A High Clerk from the  Egyptian Serapis Cult, ca. 230-240,  Altes Museum, Berlin,   SK-1810  
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244      Philip the Arab, Roman Emperor, reigned  244-249,     The State Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia
            Otacilia, wife of Philip the Arab, ca. 244,  Musei Capitolini, Roma, inv. 2765.  (photo: !STORAX, Flickr)
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246
247      Philip II, Roman Emperor, reigned 247-249        
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249      Decius , Roman Emperor, reigned 249-251,  Musei Capitolini, Roma
250      A  Boy, ca. 250,  The State Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia   
            A Roman Man,  ca. 250,    Villa Dei Quintili, inv. 429237.  (Photo: !STORAX, Flickr)
            A Roman,  ca. 250, Capitolino, Montemartini    (Photo: !STORAX, Flickr) 
            A Young Woman, ca. 225-250 C.E., The British Museum, London,  1879   (Photo: British Museum) 
251      Trebonianus Gallus, Roman Emperor, reigned 251-253, Location TBD
            Trebonianus Gallus,Roman Emperor, reigned 251-253,  The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY    “only full size bronze from 3rd century”        
            Volusianus, Roman co-Emperor with  Trebonianus Gallus, reigned 251-253   
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253      Aemilianus, Roman Emperor, reigned 253 
            Aemilianus, Roman Emperor , reigned 253,  RIC IV 15; Hunter 12 var. (obv. legend); RSC 23.
            Cornelia Supra (wife of Emperor Aemelianus)     RIC IV 30; Hunter 1; RSC 5.
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256      Valerian, Roman Emperor, reigned 253-260,  Rome Mint   RIC V pt. 1, 34; Göbl 20a; Cohen 52.    
            A Roman Emperor, probably Valerian, reigned 253-260, Musei Capitolini, MC476  Cat. 49  (photo: !STORAX, Flickr)
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260      Gallienus, Roman Emperor, reigned 253-268, Musée du Cinquantenaire, Brussels    (Photo: ChrisO, 2005, Wikipedia)
            Gallienus, Roman Emperor, reigned 253-268,  Musei Capitolini, Roma,   MC 0360
            Cornelia Salonina, Augusta, wife of Gallienus, ca. 250-260, State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg,   1787  (Photo: George Shuklin, 2007, Wikipedia) 
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263      A Man from Benevento, ca. 250-275 C.E.,  Musée du Louvre, Paris, Inv. 3534  (Photo: Hervé Lewandowski, 1995, slightly edited)
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265      A Man, ca. 265  ,Musée du Louvre, Paris,  MR 615  (Photo: Louvre Website) 
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268      Roman Emperor, reigned 268-270,  aureus from Mediolanum Mint  (Photo: Tataryn77)     
            Claudius II, Roman Emperor,  reigned  268-270         Santa Giulia Museum, Brescia
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270      Quintillius, Roman Emperor, reigned 270,  aureus from Mediolanum Mint    (Photo: Tataryn77)
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272
273
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275      Aurelian, Roman Emperor,  reigned 270-275  
            Aurelian, Roman Emperor,  reigned 270-275     Siscian Mint 
            Aurelian, Roman Emperor,  reigned 270-275     Rome Mint     RIC 54, Cohen 159  
            Ulpia Severina , wife of Emperor Aurelian, ca. 275        
            A Priest or Magistrate from Greece or Asia Minor,  ca. 275 C.E.,  Cincinnati Art Museum,  1973.292    (Photo: Musuem Website)   
276      Tacitus, Roman Emperor, reigned 275-276,  Musée du Louvre
            Tacitus, Roman Emperor, reigned 275-276,  Ticinium Mint,    RIC V pt. 1, 172; Estiot 1551-1553. 
            Florianus, Roman Emperor, reigned 270 (Photo:Tatryn77)      
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280      A Nobleman, ca. 280        Musei Capitolini, Roma      (photo: !STORAX,  Flickr)
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282      Probus, Roman Emperor, reigned  276-282, Musei Capitolini, Roma,  Albani Collection
            A Man, ca. 282,   Ny Barlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen
283      Carus, Roman Emperor, reigned 282-283  aureus from Siscia Mint        (Photo:Tataryn 77)       
            Carinus,  Roman Caesar, ca. 283-285    Musei Capitolini, Roma
284      Diocletian, Roman Emperor, reigned 284-305,     Archaeological Museum, Istanbul
            Diocletian, Roman Emperor, reigned 284-305,      Location TBD        
            Carinus, Roman caesar, ca. 284,   Rome Mint       (Photo: Tataryn77)    
285      Maximian, Roman Emperor, reigned 286-308, Rijksmuseum van oudheden, Leiden   
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291      Caurausius, rebel Emperor in Britain,  ca. 291, from the  Londinium Mint   
292
293      Constantius I Chlorus, casear in the West, 293-305, Roman Emperor, 305-306,   Antik Sammlung, Berlin    
            Allectus, successor to Caurausius,  ca. 293,  from the Londinium Mint              
294
295      The Tetrarchs, Diocletian, Constantius Chlorus, Maximian, and Galerius,  ca. 295, Basilica Cattedrale Patriarcale di San Marco, Venezia
296      Maximian, ca. 293-296, co-emperor with Diocletian, reigned  285-305,   Chiragan Villa  MSRT Inv. Ra 34 b (ex 30306) 
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305      Galerius, Roman Emperor, reigned 305-311,  Location TBD    
            Galerius, Emperor,  reigned 305-311, Palace in Romuliana, Gamzigrad
306      Constantine I, Roman Emperor, reigned 306-337,  Capitoline Museum, Rome
            Constantine, Roman Emperor, reigned 306-337,  Capitoline Museum, Rome
            Constantine, Roman Emperor, reigned 306-337,  The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY       22.229
            Maxentius,  Roman Emperor, reigned 306-312, in competition with Severus, Galerius, and Constantine, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen, Dresden, Hm 406
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308      Licinius, Western Roman Emperor, reigned  308-324,  Chiaramonti XLVII-19 Vatican Inv. 1981   (Photo: !STORAX,  Flickr)
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310      A Young Man, ca.  310, Capitoline Museum, Roma
            A Young Man, ca. 310,   Capitoline Museum, Roma
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324      Licinius II, Western Roman Emperor, reigned  308-324  
            Licinius II, Western Roman Emperor, reigned  308-324,  Aureus
            Licinius II Emperor, ca. 308-324,     Classical Numismatic Group, Lancaster, PA           (first frontal coin portrait of a  roman emperor)
325      A Man, from the Temple of Aphrodite, Cyrene, ca. 310-340,  The British Museum, London,   1861.1127.58   (Photo:  British Museum Website)
326      Helena, Mother of Constantine I, ca.325-326  Treveri Mint          RIC VII 465
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337      Constantine II as caesar, Emperor, reigned 337-340,  Cordonata, Piazza del Campigoglio, Rome
            Constantius II, Roman Emperor, reigned  337-361, University of Pennsylvania,  Museum of Archaeology
            C  onstans, Roman Emperor (reigned  337-350       Musée du Louvre Ma 1021 (Cp 6399)     Campana Collection 
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360      Julian the Apostate, Emperor, regned 360-363,  National Archaeological Museum, Athens    
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375      Valentinian II,  Roman Emperor reigned 375-392,     Arkeoloji Müzesi, İstanbul
            Valentinian II,  Roman Emperor reigned 375-392,     Arkeoloji Müzesi, İstanbul        
376
377
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379      Theodosius I, reigned 379-395,   from the Missorium of Theodosius I,   Real Academia de la Historia,  Madrid
380      A Man, ca. 380,   Chiaramonti XXIII-14, 283.  Vatican Museums  (Photo: !STORAX, Flickr)
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393      Arcadius, Eastern Roman Emperor, reigned 383-708   Arkeoloji Müzesi, İstanbul   
            Honorius , Western Roman Emperor, reigned 393-423        MCR     Palazzo Nuovo, Rome
394
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400      A Woman, ca. 400,  Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, København 
            A Woman from the Eastern Roman Empire, ca. 400,   The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY       66.25
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402
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406      Honorius, Western Roman Emperor, reigned 395-423,  ca. 406,   from Consular Diptych of Probius Anicius,  Location TBD 
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430      A Byzantine Woman, possibly Galla Placidia, regent for Valentianian III, reigned 425-455,   Musée Saint-Raymond, Toulouse  (Photo: Fabian Zubia, 2005, Wikipedia)
431
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440      Theodosius II, Roman Emperor of the East,  reigned 408-450, ca. 440,   Musée du Louvre, Paris
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445      A Roman Emperor, possibly, Valentinian III, reigned 425-455, ca. 445,     Location TBD
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450      Eutropius, a Senior Official in Ephesus, ca. 450 C.E.   Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien,  Inv ANSA_I_880  
            A Bearded Man, ca. 450 C.E. ,  The British Museum,  London,  1889,0416.1
451
452
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456      Avitus, Western Roman Emperor, reigned 455-456,   Tremissis from the Ravenna Mint 
457      Leo I Thrax Magnus, Emperor of the East, reigned 457-474, ca. 457,   Musée du Louvre, Paris 
458
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475      Julius Nepos,  Western Roman Emperor, reigned 475-480,    tremissis   
476      Romulus Augustus,  Western Roman Emperor, reigned 475-476,    tremissis from the Rome Mint
477      Odoacer, King of Italy, 476-493,  ca. 477 
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485      Zeno, Byzantine Emperor, second reign 476-491,       tremissis  from the Constantinople Mint
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500      Ariadne (ca. 450-515), consort to Zeno (r.474-491) and Anastasius I (r. 491-518),  Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien INV X 39 (Photo: Andreas Praefke)
            Ariadne (ca. 450-515), consort to Zeno, Byzantine Emperor, reigned 474-491 and Anastasius I, reigned 491-518, Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Firenze    
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506      Areobindus Dagalaiphus Areobundus, consul in Constantinople, 506, Musée national du Moyen Âge, Paris, CL 13135 
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515      Princess Juliana Anicia, daughter of Emperor Olybrius, Vienna Dioscurides, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Cod. med. gr. 1, 1. Folio 6 verso
            Author Portrait, ca. 515  Vienna Dioscurides,  Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Cod. med. gr. 1,  fol. 4 verso
           
Author Portrait, ca. 515 Vienna Dioscurides,   Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Cod. med. gr. 1, fol. 5 verso
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525      A Byzantine Empress, probably Theodora, ca. 525,   Museo d'arte antica del Castello Sforzesco, Milano     (photo: Giovanni dall'Orto)
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548      Justinian I, Byzantine Emperor, reined 527-565, ca. 548,  Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna
            Theodora, Empress Consort to Justinian I, ca. 548, Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna
            Lady in Waiting, ca. 548,  Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna
            Bishop Maximian, ca. 548,   Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna
549
550      Christ Treading on The Beasts, ca. 500-550 C.E.,  Archiepiscopal Chapel, Ravenna
            Evangelist Mark, ca. 550,  Codex purpureus Rossanensis, Duomo di Rossano, Cattedrale di Maria Santissima Achiropita
            Christ before Pilate, ca. 550, Codex purpureus Rossanensis, Duomo di Rossano, Cattedrale di Maria Santissima Achiropita
            St. Luke, ca. 550, St. Augustine Gospels, Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, Lib. MS. 286 
            The Most Holy Mother of God, ca. 550,  Holy Monastery of St. Catherine at Mount Sinai, Egypt
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565     Annunciation, ca. 565, Santa Maria Antiqua, Rome
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586      Pentecost, ca. 586, Rabbula Gospels,  Biblioteca Mediceo Lauenziana,  Firenze,        Cod. Plut. I, 560, folio 14 
            Ascension, ca. 586, Rabbula Gospels,  Biblioteca Mediceo Lauenziana,  Firenze,        Cod. Plut. I, 560,  folio 13
            Crucifixion, ca. 586, Rabbula Gospels,  Biblioteca Mediceo Lauenziana,  Firenze,        Cod. Plut. I, 560
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600      Control of Christ and Abbott Mena, ca. 600 C.E., Musée du Louvre, Paris,  E11565  
            Saint Sergios and Bacchos, 7th century C.E., The Bohdan and Varvara Khanenko Museum of Arts, Kiev
           
Christ Pantocrator, 6th -7th century C.E.,  St. Catherines Monastery
           
St. Peter,  “1st half of the  7th century C.E.,   St. Catherine’s Monastery Sinai Egypt  
           
Ascencion of Christ, 7th century C.E.  St. Catherine’s Monastery Sinai Egypt    
           
Moses before Pharoah, ca.  600 C.E., from the Syriac Bible of Paris, St. Catherine’s Monastery,  Sinai,  Egypt  
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623      Dagobert I, King of Austrasia, 623-629,  solidus from Marseilles mint, Cabinet des Médailles, Paris
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629      Dagobert I, King of the Franks, 629-634, triens from the Uzès mint, Monnaie de Paris  (photo:PHGCOM, 2009, Wikipedia)
           
Dagobert I, King of the Franks, 629-634, triens from the Uzès mint, Monnaie de Paris  (photo:PHGCOM, 2009, Wikipedia)
           
Charibert II, King of Aquitaine, 629-632, tremissis from Banassac mint, Cabinet des Médailles, Paris (photo:PHGCOM, 2009, Wikipedia) 
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634      Saint Demetrios with Two Children Attendants, ca. 634   Hagios Demetrios, Thessaloniki
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641      Emperor Taizong  (r. 626-649) receiving the  Ambassador from Tibet, 641 (Yan Liben) (ca. 600-673)   Location TBD
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650      Emperor Zhao of Han Dynasty, r. 87-74 B.C.E. Thirteen Emperors Scroll (detail) , ca. 650   (Yan Liben) (ca. 600-673)     Museum of Fine Arts Boston, 31.643
           
Emperor Yang of Sui Dynasty, r. 604-618 C.E.,  Thirteen Emperors Scroll (detail) , ca. 650  (Yan Liben) (ca. 600-673)     Museum of Fine Arts Boston,  31.643
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668
669
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675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695      Childebert III, King of the Franks, 695-711,  The British Museum, London  (photo:PHGCOM, 2009, Wikipedia)
696
697
698
699
700      Ezra, ca. 700,  from the Codex Amiantinus, Folio 5r,  Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Firenze   
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
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717
718
719
720
721
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723
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728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750      Flagellation of St. Erasmus in front of Diocletian, ca. 750,    Santa Maria in Via Lata Crypt, Rome 
            David with Musicians, ca. 750, Vespasian Psalter,  British Library, London,  Cotton Vespasian A I
751
752      Crucifixion ca. 741-752         Santa Maria Antiqua, Roma 
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777      Leo IV (Byzantine Emperor, reigned 775-780)/Constantine VI, with Leo III/Constantine V, struck 776-778, Constantinople Mint,  (photo: Classical Numismatic Group)
778
779
780
781
782
783      Saint Luc, from the Gospels of Godescalc, Palace School of Charlemagne, Aachen, Bibliothèque national de France, Paris,  NAL 1203, Folio 2 
           
Christ, from the Gospels of Godescalc, Palace School of Charlemagne, Aachen, Bibliothèque national de France, Paris,  NAL 1203
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800      Codex Aureus of Lorsch, ca. 778-820  Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Pal. lat. 50, and Alba Iulia, Biblioteca Documenta Batthyaneum
            St. Mark, ca. 778-820,  Codex Aureus of Lorsch, Location TBD
            Christ Enthroned, ca. 800,   Book of Kells, Trinity College, Dublin
            Madonna and Child ca. 800, Book of Kells folio 7v, Trinity College Dublin
            Annuncio a Zaccaria, ca. 800 CE,  fresco detail,  Benevento Chiesa di Santa Sofia, Campania
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810      St.  John the Evangelist, early 9th century, from Aachen    Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY 1977.421
811
812
813
814      Charlemagne or Charles the Bald, ca. 814   Musée du Louvre,  OA 8260 
815
816
817
818
819
820      The Four Evangelists, ca. 820, Aachen Gospel, folio 13r, Domschatzkammer Köln 
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831      Raban Maur, and Alcuin dictates to Otgar, Archbishop of Mainz, ca. 831-840, Fuldense Manuscript, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Wien
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846      Louis the Pious,  King of the Franks, reigned 814-840, ca. 846,  Vatican Museums, Rome
            Louis the Pious (Master of the Fuldaer School)  Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Wien
            Charles II The Bald, King of West Francia, r. 840-877, presented with the Vivien Bible, 1st Bible of Charles the Bald,Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale , MS lat. 1
847
848
849
850      Drogo Sacramentary,  ca. 850        Bibliothèque Nationale de France, MS lat. 9428, fol. 71v
851      Lothair, King of Italy 818-855, ca. 851      Biblioteque National, Paris, MS Latin 266, fol. 1v.
            A Frankish King, possibly Bernard of Italy, ca. 851, Location TBD
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869      Charles II the Bald, King of the Franks, reigned 840-877, , ca. 869,    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale , MS  Latin  1152 
870      Charlemagne with Popes Gelasisus and Gregory I, ca. 870   Sacramentary of Charles the Bald, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris, MS Latin 1141, fol. 2v
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900      Leo VI the Wise at the feet of Christ, Byzantine Emperor, reigned 886-912, ca. 900  Hagia Sophia, Istanbul
            Annunciation, ca. 900,  (Meister von Castelseprio) Santa Maria foris portas, Varese
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913      Alexander III,   Byzantine Emperor, reigned 912-913, ca. 913,  Hagia Sophia, Istanbul
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950      King Abgar V with the Image of Edessa, ca. 950, from St. Catherine's Monastery, Mount Sinai
            David Glorified by the Women of Israel, ca. 950,Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris, MS Grec 139, folio 5v
            David Playing the Harp, ca. 950, Paris Psalter, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris, MS Grec 139, folio 1v
            Requesting Isaiah, ca. 950, Paris Psalter, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris, MS Grec 139, folio folio 435v
            Habarville Triptych, ca. 950, Musée du  Louvre, Paris, OA 3247   (Photo: jastrow, 2006, Wikipedia)
            Habarville Triptych, recto,  ca. 950, Musée du  Louvre, Paris, OA 3247   (Photo: jastrow, 2006, Wikipedia)
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966      King Edgar, King of England, reigned 959-975, 966,  Winchester Offering, British Library, London  
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975      The Benedictional of St. Æthelwold, ca. 875  British Library, London, Additional MS 49598
            An Islamic Rider, ca. 975, from the Gerona Beatus,Santa Maria de Girona, Catalonia
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000      Otto III, ca. 1000, from the Ottonian Gospel (Meister der Reichenauer Schule)  Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Münich 
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010      Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor,  ca. 1010, from the Imperial Sacramentary,  Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, München
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020      Constantine I, Roman Emperor, ca. 1020, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul    
              Basil II, Byzantine Emperor, reigned 976-1025,  Psalter of Venice, Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana, Venezia, Ms. gr. 17, fol. 3r
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025      Sacramentary, ca. 1000-1025 (attributed to Nivardus of Milan) (fl. 1000-1025) J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA, MS LUDWIG V 1 
             
The Crucifixion, ca. 1000-1025  (attributed to Nivardus of Milan) (fl. 1000-1025) J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA, MS LUDWIG V 1 Fol. 2V 
             
Initial “D”, ca. 1000-1025  (attributed to  Nivardus of Milan) (fl. 1000-1025) J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA, MS LUDWIG V 1 Fol. 9 
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035       Bishop Engilmar celebrating Mass, ca. 1030-1040,  from the Regensburg Benedictional,   J. Paul Getty Museum,  MS Ludwig VII 1, fol. 28
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
              Constantine IX Monomachus,  Byzantine Emperor, reigned 1042-1055,  Hagia Sophia, Istanbul 
              Zoe, Byzantine Empress Consort,  ca. 1020, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul 
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050      Gabriel with Golden Locks, ca. 1050,  Russian Museum, Saint Petersburg
             
St. Theodore the Studite, ca. 1050,  Nea Moni Monastery, Chios   
             
Scene of Martyrdom, 11th century C.E., Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe, Poitou, France
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078      Nikephoros III Botaneiates, Byzantine Emperor, reigned 1078-1081, Unknown Court Artist,  Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122       Christ, ca. 1122  (Unknown Artist)  State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow
              John II Byzantine Emperor, reigned 1122-1142, detail,      Hagia Sophia, Istanbul
              Irene, Byzantine  Empress consort to John II, ca. 1122-1142, detail, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul 
              Alexius II, Byzantine co-Emperor with his father John II , ca. 1122-1142, detail,    Hagia Sophia, Istanbul
1123      Christ, detail of Apse of San Climente deMestre de Taüll,  ca. 1123  (Mestre de Taüll)  Museu Nacional dArt de Catalunya
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150      St. Matthew, ca. 1150 (6th to 12th century)   British Library, London,  Add. MS 511,   Folio 12
1151
1152
1153
1154
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164      Lamentation, ca. 1164  (Meister von Nerezi)    Kirche von Nerezi, Mazedonien
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208      Muchaku, ca. 1208   (Unkei) (ca. 1150-1223)     Kōfuku-ji Temple, Nara, Japan
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216      John I, King of England, ca. 1216, made in the 1230's?   (Unknown Artist) Worcester Cathedral Chancel 
1217
1218
1219
1220      Crucifixion, ca. 1220  (Berlinghiero Berlinghieri) (fl. 1228-1236)    Pinacoteca Civica, Lucca    
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225      A King, ca. 1200-1225, from Kolocsa Cathedral (Unknown Artist)      Hungarian National Gallery, Budapest
              A King, ca. 1225 (Unknown Artist, Mantes)  The  Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,   29.100.29  (Photo: Jonathan MacKinnon)
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230      Madonna and Child, ca. 1230  (Berlinghiero Berlinghieri) (fl. 1228-1236)  The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
             
A King from Pilisszentkereszt, Hungary, ca. 1230, from the  tomb of Gertrude of Merania     (Unknown Artist)   Location TBD
              Joseph, ca. 1230, from the choir screen at Chartres Cathedral,  The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, 2007.143
              An Enthroned King, ca. 1230-1235, from Lombardy or Veneto (Unkown Artist)  The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,  22.31
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235      Madonna and Child with Saints, ca. 1235 (Berlinghiero Berlinghieri) (fl. 1228-1236) Cleveland Museum of Art, OH,  1966.237
             
St. Francis of Assisi , ca. 1235 (Bonaventura Berlinghieri) (fl. 1235-1244)  Pescia, San Francesco
             
An Angel, ca. 1235 (Meister von Mileseva) Monastery Church in Mileseva, Serbia
1236
1237      A Prince, known as "The Bamberg Reider", ca. 1225-1237,   Bamberg Cathedral,   Bavaria
1238      Wuzhun Shifan, Buddhist Monk, 1238 (Unknown Chinese Artist)    Kyoto, Japan
1239
1240      A King, ca. 1240,  from Île-de-France, (Unknown Artist)  Musée du Louvre, Paris,  R.F. 2308     (photo: Atlas Database, Louvre)
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245      Magdeburger Reiter, possibly William II of Holland, ca. 1240-1260,   Kulturhistorisches Museum, Magdeburg
             
St Maurice of the Theban Legion, ca. 1245,  Magdeburg Cathedral   (photo: from Paul Williamson's Gothic Sculpture, 1140-1300)
1246
1247
1248
1249      Seigfried III of Epstein, Archbishop of Mainz, ca. 1249    (Unknown Artist)   Mainz Cathedral
1250      A Ruler, most likely Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, reigned 1220-1250, ca 1250 (Unknown Artist)   Location TBD
             
A Ruler, most likely Frederick II  Holy Roman Emperor, reigned 1220-1250 (Unknown Artist)  Castello di  Barletta   (or Henry VII?)
             
An Angel,  ca. 1250   (Joseph Master) or (Smiling Angel Master)      Reims Cathedral
             
An Angel,  ca. 1250, originally from Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris (Unknown Artist)  The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
             
Elizabeth of the Visitation, ca. 1250  (Unknown Artist)    Reims Cathedral
             
An Ife Woman,  ca. 1250   (Unknown Artist)   Minneapolis Institute of Arts, MN,  95.84 
             
A Saint,  ca. 1250 (Unknown Artist)  Reims Cathedral
             
A Queen, ca. 1250 (Unknown Artist)  originally from Campania,   now at Musée du Louvre, Paris,  R.F. 802
             
Virgin of the Visitation, ca. 1250   (Unknown Artist)  Reims Cathedral
             
God the Geometer, ca. 1250, from the Codex Vindobonensis (Unknown Artist)   Österreichische Nationalbibliotek, Wien
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260      Madonna and Child, ca. 1260 (Unknown Umbrian Artist)  The National Gallery, London,  NG 6572
             
Man of Sorrows, ca. 1260 (Unknown Umbrian Artist)  The National Museum, London,  NG 6572
             
Madonna and Child, ca. 1260 (Unknown Umbrian Artist)   The National Gallery, London,  NG 4741
1261      Madonna del Bordone, 1261, signed and dated   (Coppo di Marcovaldo)  (fl. 1260-1280)    Location  TBD
1262
1263
1264
1265      Madonna and Child, ca. 1265   (Coppo di Marcovaldo)  (ca.1225-1276)    St. Martino die Servi, Orvieto 
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270      Madonna and Child, ca. 1270  (attributed to Master of the Clarisse, possibly Rinaldo da Siena)   The National Gallery, London,   NG 6571
1271
1272
1273
1274      Pope Clement IV, tenure 1265-1268, ca 1274, posthumous  (attributed to Pietro Oderisi) (fl. 1260-1280)  Basilica de San Francesco, Viterbo
1275      Charles I of Anjou, King of Sicily, reigned 1266-1285,  ca. 1275  (Arnolfo di Cambio) (ca. 1240-1310)  Musei Capitolini, Roma 
             
Madonna and Child, ca. 1275  (Master of the Saints Cosmos and Damian Madonna)  Fogg Museum, Harvard University, MA 1926.41
              A Monk, ca. 1275, from Li Livres du Sante (Aldobrandino of Siena)  The British Library, London 
1276
1277
1278
1279      The Annunciation, ca.1276 (Guido da Siena) (fl. 1262-1279) Princeton University Art Museum, NJ,   y144
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284      Madonna and Child, ca. 1284 (Cimabue) (1250-1302)   Castelfiorentino, Tuscany
             
Vergine in Maestà, con Bambino, quattro angeli e san Francesco, ca. 1284 (Cimabue) (1250-1302)  Assisi 
1285      Madonna and Child, ca. 1285  (Cimabue) (1250-1302) Santa Maria dei Servi, Bologna
             
Madonna enthroned with St. Francis and St. Dominic, ca. 1285 (Cimabue) (1250-1302)  Galleria degli Uffizi, Firenze 
             
Philip III, King of France, reigned 1270-1285, ca. 1285  (Unknown Artist)  Location TBD 
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290      Henry III,  King of England, reigned 1216-1272, posthumous ca. 1290-1292  (William Torell) Westminster Abbey, London
1291      Rudolf I Hapsburg, Holy Roman Emperor, reigned 1273-1291,    ca. 1291   (Unknown Artist) detail from tomb at Speyer Cathedral
1292
1293      Eleanore of Castile, Queen Consort of Edward I,   posthumous, ca. 1293    (William Torell) Westmister Abbey, London
1294
1295
1296      Pope Bonifacio VIII, ca. 1296, tenure 1294-1303  (Arnolfo di Cambio) (ca. 1240-1310)    Vatican Museum, Rome
1297
1298      Pope Bonifacio VIII, ca. 1298, tenure 1294-1303,   (Arnolfo di Cambio) (ca. 1240-1310)   Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Firenze
1299
1300      Pope Boniface VIII, ca. 1300  (Giotto Bondone) (ca. 1266-1337)   Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, Roma
              Madonna and Child enthroned with Donor, ca. 1300-1310 (attributed to Memmo di Filippuccio) (ca. 1250-1325)  Chiesa di Santi Jacopo e Filippo, Certaldo 
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305      Enrico Scrovegni, died 1336, detail, ca. 1305  (Giovanni Pisano) (1248-1315) Capella degli Scrovegni, Padova   photo by http://italiashio.exblog.jp/i41/
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315      Madonna and Child, ca. 1312-1315 (Duccio) (fl. 1278-1319) The National Gallery, London,  NG 566
             
Madonna and Child, ca. 1310-1315 (Simone Martini) (ca. 1385-1344) Pinacotaca Nazionale, Siena
             
Madonna and Child, ca. 1310-1315 (Master of the Albertini or Master of the Casole Fresco) The National Gallery, London NG 565
1316      St. Louis of Toulouse crowns Robert II of Anjou, 1316 (Simone Martini) (ca. 1284-1344)  Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte, Napoli
1317
1318
1319
1320      An Angel with Instruments of the Passion, ca. 1320 (Goodhart Ducciesque Master) Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA,  1978.466
             
Giacomo Gaetani Stefaneschi, donor portrait, ca. 1320  (Giotto Bondone) (ca. 1266-1337) Vatican Pinacoteca, Rome,   Cat. 40120
1321      Mary Magdalene, Orvieto Polyptych panel, ca. (Simone Martini) (ca. 1285-1344) Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Orvieto
              St. Clare of Assisi, ca. 1321 (Simone Martini) (ca. 1285-1344) Basilica Papale di San Francesco, Assisi (Basilica Inferior)
             
A Soldier, 1321, detail from St. Martin Renouncing his Weapons, fresco (Simone Martini) (c1285-1344) Basilica Papale di San Francesco, Assisi (Basilica Inferior)
1322
1323
1324
1325      St. Lawrence, ca. 1320-1325 (Giotto Bondone) (1266-1337) Chaalis Chapel, Oise
             
Madonna and Child, ca. 1325 (follower of Giotto Bondone) (1266-1337) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, 47.143
             
Saint John, ca. 1315-1330 (Pietro Lorenzetti) (ca. 1280-1348) San Francesco Basilica, Assisi
              Madonna and Child, ca. 1315-1330 (Pietro Lorenzetti) (ca. 1280-1348) San Francesco Basilica, Assisi
             
St. Francis, ca. 1315-1330 (Pietro Lorenzetti) (ca. 1280-1348) San Francesco Basilica, Assisi
             
St. Andrew, early 1320's (Simone Martini) (ca. 1285-1344) Museum of Fine Arts, Boston,   51.2397
             
St. Romuald, ca. 1320's (Guido Palmeruccio) (fl. 1315-1349) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, 1982.60.1
             
Madonna and Child, ca. 1325 (Ugolina da Siena/aka Ugolino di Nerio) (fl. 1317-1349)   The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
              Madonna and Child, ca. 1325 (attributed to Memmo di Filipuccio (ca. 1250-1325)  Museo di San Matteo, Pisa
             
Isaiah, ca. 1324-1325 (Ugolino di Nerio) (fl. 1317-1349)  The National Gallery, London
             
Charles of Valois, ca. 1325,  Cathédral royale de Saint-Denis, Paris  (Photo:  Acoma, Wikipedia) 
1326      St. Margaret, ca. 1326  (attributed to  Ugolino da Siena/aka Ugolino di Nerio) (fl. 1317-1349) Portland Art Museum, OR, 61.41
             
Madonna and Child, ca. 1326  (Unknown Artist, probably Sienese)  The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, 1975.1.12
1327
1328
1329      Cangrande I della Scala, tomb, ca. 1329-1330 (Unknown Artist)  Scalinger Tomb, Verona  
             
Cangrande I della Scala, ca. 1329-1340, (Unknown Artist) originally from Scalinger tomb Balduchin, now at Castelvecchio Museum,  Verona
1330      Saint Andrew, ca. 1330 (Simone Martini) (fl. 1315-1344)   The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,   41.100.23
             
Saint Ansanus, ca. 1325-1335 (Simone Martini) (fl. 1315-1344)   The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,   1975.1.13
             
Madonna and Child, ca. 1325-1330 (Ugolino di Nerio) (fl, 1317-1349)   Museum of Fine Arts, Boston,  16.65 
1331
1332
1333      Saint Anthony of Padua, ca. 1333 (Maso di Banco) (fl. 1320-1346) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY  43.98.13
1334
1335      St. John the Evangelist, ca. 1330-1339 (Simone Martini) (ca. 1285-1344) Barber Institute of Fine Arts, Birmingham, UK
             
Madonna and Child, 1335 (dated) (Bernardo Daddi) (ca. 1290-1350)  Vatican Museum, Rome
             
Madonna and Child,  ca. 1335 (Lippo Memmi) (ca. 1291-1356)  Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 36.144
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340      Madonna and Child, ca. 1335-1345 (Ambrogio Lorenzetti) (ca. 1290-1348) Museum of Fine Arts, Boston,   39.536
             
Madonna and Child, ca. 1340  (Bernardo Daddi) (ca. 1290-1350) Location TBD 
              Robert I of Anjou, King of Naples, ca. 1340, from Anjou Bible,  Maurits Sabbe Library, University of Leuven
1341
1342
1343      Saint Catherine of Alexandria, shortly after 1342  (Pietro Lorenzetti) (fl. 1320-1344)   The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,  13.212
1344
1345      Madonna and Child with Saint Anne, ca. 1340-1345  (Francesco Traini) (fl. 1321-1345) Princeton University Art Museum, NJ,  y1963-2
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350      John II, King of France, ca. 1350, reigned 1350-1364   (Unknown French Master )   Musée du Louvre, Paris   (oldest "modern" profile portrait in Europe?)  
             
Madonna and Child, ca. 1350 (Barna da Siena) (fl. 1330-1350)   Portland Art Museum, OR,  61.35
             
Madonna and Child, ca. 1350 (Lippo Memmi) (ca. 1291-1356)   Cleveland Art Museum, OH,  1952.110
             
Madonna of the Recommended, ca. 1350 (Lippo Memmi) (ca 1291-1356) Duomo, Orvieto
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365      St Gregory, ca. 1365  (Master Theodoric) (fl. 1350-1370)  National Gallery, Prague
             
Rudolf IV of Austria, ca. 1360-1365 (Unknown Bohemian Master) Cathedral and  Diocesan Museum, Vienna 
1366      Madonna and Child, ca. 1360's (Barnaba da Modena) (1328-1386)  Museum of Fine Arts, Boston,  15.951
1367      Madonna and Child, (Barnaba da Modena) (1328-1386) Städel Museum, Frankfurt
1368
1369
1370      Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor,  ca. 1370,  reigned 1346-1378,  (Master Theodoric)   Prague
1371
1372      Charles V, King of France, ca. 1372, reigned 1364-1380  (Jean de Vaudetar)   Museum of the Book, The Hague
1373
1374
1375      Madonna and Child, ca. 1370-1375 (Barnaba da Modena) (1328-1386) Musée du Louvre, Paris
             
Madonna and Child, ca. 1370's  (Paolo di Giovanni Fei) (ca. 1345-1411) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY,  41.190.13
             
Head of Christ, ca. 1375 (Master of the Ocagnesque Misericordia) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, 1981.365.2
             
Self Portrait, ca. 1375 (Peter Parler) (ca. 1330-1399)    St. Vitus Cathedral, Prague      (first sculpted self-portrait?)  
             
Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, ca. 1375, reigned 1346-1378 (Unknown Artist)  Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne,  Dep. 0268
1376      Petrarch, ca. 1376 (slightly posthumous), fresco (Altichiero) (1330-1395)  Oratorio di San Giorgio, Padua
1377
1378
1379
1380      Madonna and Child, ca. 1380 (Spinello Aretino) (c1350-1410) Fogg Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA,  1905.1
             
Madonna and Child, ca. 1380  (Antonio Veneziano) (1369-1419) Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA,    84.293  
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385      St. Gregory the Great, ca. 1380's (Bartolo di Fredi) (ca. 1330-1410) Museum of Fine Arts,Boston, MA,   15.953
1386      Madonna and Child with Two Donors, 1386 (dated) (Cecco di Pietro) (fl. 1370-1386) Portland Art Museum, OR, 61.44
1387
1388
1389
1390      Edward III and Edward the Black Prince,  1390, posthumous (Unknown Artist) British Library, Cotton MS Nero D VI, f.31r
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395      Richard II King of England, ca. 1395  (Unknown Artist)  Westminster Abbey, UK   (beginning of modern portraiture)   
1396
1397
1398
1399





   



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